Journal of Gastroenterology

, Volume 39, Issue 3, pp 260–267

The predictive value of liver fibrosis in determining the effectiveness of interferon and lamivudine therapies for chronic hepatitis B

  • Michiko Shindo
  • Kazushige Hamada
  • Kenichi Nishioji
  • Akira Muramatsu
  • Yoko Oda
  • Tadao Okuno
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00535-003-1293-6

Cite this article as:
Shindo, M., Hamada, K., Nishioji, K. et al. J Gastroenterol (2004) 39: 260. doi:10.1007/s00535-003-1293-6

Backgound

To determine the best indicator of the effective use of interferon and lamivudine for the treatment of hepatitis B e antigen-positive chronic hepatitis, we retrospectively analyzed histologic and virologic status in 200 patients who were treated with interferon and 45 patients who were treated with lamivudine.

Methods

Histological grading and staging scores were determined by international criteria and the METAVIR scoring system. The YMDD motif associated with lamivudine resistance was analyzed by the sequencing of hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA.

Results

Of 200 interferon-treated patients, 62 (31%) seroconverted to anti-hepatitis B e (anti-HBe). Multivariate analysis showed that the significantly important predictors of response were a higher grading score (P = 0.0056) and lower staging score (P = 0.0010). Twenty (44%) of the 45 lamivudine-treated patients seroconverted to anti-HBe, and multivariate analysis showed that the significantly important predictors of response were a higher alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level (P = 0.0034) and lower hepatitis B e antigen levels (P = 0.0128). YMDD mutations occurred during therapy in 12 patients (27%). The significantly important predictor of the development of mutation was a higher staging score (P = 0.0226).

Conclusions

Both interferon and lamivudine were effective for patients with high ALT levels, but interferon’s efficacy appeared to be limited by the degree of fibrosis. Lamivudine appeared to be effective irrespective of the degree of fibrosis, but YMDD mutations seemed to develop sooner in patients with advanced liver fibrosis.

Key words

chronic hepatitis B interferon lamivudine liver fibrosis 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Tokyo 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michiko Shindo
    • 1
  • Kazushige Hamada
    • 2
  • Kenichi Nishioji
    • 1
  • Akira Muramatsu
    • 1
  • Yoko Oda
    • 1
  • Tadao Okuno
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Liver Diseases, Department of Internal MedicineAkashi Municipal HospitalAkashiJapan
  2. 2.Department of BiotechnologyKyoto Institutes of TechnologyKyotoJapan

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