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An investigation of the embryologic development of the fascia used as the basis for pancreaticoduodenal mobilization

  • Baik Hwan Cho
  • Wataru Kimura
  • Chang Ho Song
  • Mineko Fujimiya
  • Gen Murakami
Original article

Abstract

Background

The retropancreatic fusion fascia, or fascia of Treitz, is a critical anatomical landmark during retropancreatic mobilization of the pancreatic head and duodenum (the Kocher maneuver).

Methods

Using semiserial sections from 24 human fetuses of 9–30 weeks gestation, we examined the development of this fascia.

Results

Retroperitoneal fixation of the pancreas occurred at around 10 weeks. Up to 20 weeks, an apparent remnant of the mesoduodenum was attached to the now-distinct renal fascia. Lymphatic vessels and follicles congregated along the ventral aspect of the fusion plane during early development. In 20- to 30-week fetuses, the duodenum began to occupy a definite position and, at the same stage, a candidate for the fascia of Treitz was seen; it was separated from the thick renal fascia by loose connective tissue.

Conclusions

We hypothesize that mechanical stress during the development and growth of the duodenum causes the transformation of an indistinct remnant of the peritoneum into a distinct fascia. This mechanism is similar to that seen during the development of the renal fascia, in which the developing adrenal cortex and migrating kidney generate stress on a bundle of thin collagen fibers. Therefore, the fascia of Treitz is unlikely to be a simple remnant of the peritoneum. The fascia, if evident during surgery, should be attached to the pancreatic parenchymal side.

Keywords

Retropancreatic fascia of Treitz Kocher maneuver Peritoneum Renal fascia Human fetus 

Abbreviations

GL

Autonomic nerve ganglion

IVC

Inferior vena cava

LF

Lymph follicle

SMA

Superior mesenteric artery

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are grateful to Ms. Masako Kuronuma in Yamagata University and Miss. Ji-Hyun Kim in Chonbuk National University for their meticulous technical assistance for histology.

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Copyright information

© Springer 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Baik Hwan Cho
    • 1
  • Wataru Kimura
    • 2
  • Chang Ho Song
    • 3
  • Mineko Fujimiya
    • 4
  • Gen Murakami
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Medical SchoolChonbuk National UniversityJeonjuRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryYamagata University School of MedicineYamagataJapan
  3. 3.Department of Anatomy, Medical SchoolChonbuk National UniversityJeonjuKorea
  4. 4.Department of AnatomySapporo Medical University School of MedicineSapporoJapan
  5. 5.Division of Internal MedicineIwamizawa Koujin-kai HospitalIwamizawaJapan

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