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International Journal of Earth Sciences

, Volume 90, Issue 1, pp 77–87 | Cite as

An evaluation of quartzite flow laws based on comparisons between experimentally and naturally deformed rocks

  • Greg HirthEmail author
  • Christian Teyssier
  • James W. Dunlap
Original Paper

Abstract.

We use the remarkable similarity between microstructures preserved in naturally and experimentally deformed quartzites as a basis to evaluate quartzite flow laws and their application to natural conditions. The precision of this analysis is relatively high because of the well-constrained deformation history of naturally deformed rocks from the Ruby Gap duplex, Central Australia. The external state variables during deformation in the duplex are well constrained by a combination of thermochronological, microstructural and structural observations. Using a flow law with the form \(\dot \varepsilon = Af_{H_2 O}^m \sigma ^n \exp \left( { - Q/RT} \right)$$% MathType!MTEF!2!1!+- % feaaeaart1ev0aaatCvAUfKttLearuavTnhis1MBaeXatLxBI9gBae % rbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garqqtubsr4rNC % HbGeaGqiVCI8FfYJH8sipiYdHaVhbbf9v8qqaqFr0xc9pk0xbba9q8 % WqFfeaY-biLkVcLq-JHqpepeea0-as0Fb9pgeaYRXxe9vr0-vr0-vq % pWqaaeaabiGaciaacaqabeaadaabauaaaOqaaiqbew7aLzaacaGaey % ypa0JaemyqaeKaemOzay2aa0baaSqaaiabdIeainaaBaaameaacqaI % YaGmaeqaaSGaem4ta8eabaGaemyBa0gaaOGaeq4Wdm3aaWbaaSqabe % aacqWGUbGBaaGccyGGLbqzcqGG4baEcqGGWbaCdaqadaqaaiabgkHi % Tiabdgfarjabc+caViabdkfasjabdsfaubGaayjkaiaawMcaaaaa!4AFA! $$ \dot \varepsilon = Af_{H_2 O}^m \sigma ^n \exp \left( { - Q/RT} \right) \) , our analysis indicates that values of log (A)=–11.2±0.6 MPa–n/s and Q=135±15 kJ/mol provide the best description of the combined natural and experimental constraints with values of m=1 and n=4. Motivated by the results of our analysis, we also evaluated the influence of water fugacity on strain rate determined in the laboratory. In this case, we concur with a previously published suggestion that the measured effect of water fugacity (\(\dot \varepsilon \propto f_{H_2 O}^2 $$% MathType!MTEF!2!1!+- % feaaeaart1ev0aaatCvAUfKttLearuavTnhis1MBaeXatLxBI9gBae % rbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharuavP1wzZbItLDhis9wBH5garqqtubsr4rNC % HbGeaGqiVCI8FfYJH8sipiYdHaVhbbf9v8qqaqFr0xc9pk0xbba9q8 % WqFfeaY-biLkVcLq-JHqpepeea0-as0Fb9pgeaYRXxe9vr0-vr0-vq % pWqaaeaabiGaciaacaqabeaadaabauaaaOqaaiqbew7aLzaacaGaey % yhIuRaemOzay2aa0baaSqaaiabdIeainaaBaaameaacqaIYaGmaeqa % aSGaem4ta8eabaGaeGOmaidaaaaa!3B76! $$ \dot \varepsilon \propto f_{H_2 O}^2 \) ) is likely a manifestation of a change in deformation process with increasing stress. The results of this study provide further support for the application of quartzite flow laws to understand deformation conditions in the Earth, and emphasize the important insights that can be gained by analyzing deformation microstructures in naturally deformed rocks.

Flow laws Microstructure Quartzite Recrystallization Rheology 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Greg Hirth
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christian Teyssier
    • 2
  • James W. Dunlap
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Geology and Geophysics, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USAUSA
  2. 2.Department of Geology and Geophysics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USAUSA
  3. 3.Research School of Earth Sciences, Australian National University, ACTON, ACT 0200, AustraliaAustralia

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