International Journal of Earth Sciences

, Volume 108, Issue 1, pp 357–378 | Cite as

Late Glacial sediments of the Stará Jímka paleolake and the first finding of Laacher See Tephra in the Czech Republic

  • Václav ProcházkaEmail author
  • Jiří Mizera
  • Günther Kletetschka
  • Daniel Vondrák
Original Paper


The Late Glacial sedimentary sequence of the Stará Jímka paleolake (Bohemian Forest, Czech Republic) is characterized by the prevalence of detrital minerals with an elevated proportion of organic matter and abundant diatom valves in relatively warm periods. The mineral debris originated mainly from local migmatites and mica-schists (or glacial and deluvial deposits derived from the same material). Low background contents of CaO (< 0.20 wt%) and Na2O (< 0.50 wt%) reflect chemical weathering. Correlation analysis of trace elements shows that the mineral debris concentrates Rb, Cs, Ga, Cr, Zr, Hf, light rare earth elements, Th, U, Pb, Ba, Sr and weakly Zn, whereas Mo, Co, Se, As, Ni, Cu, Br and weakly Au are allocated predominantly to sulphides and organic matter. The sequence contains a continuous horizon with the Laacher See Tephra (LST), causing contrasting maxima of Na, Ca, Cl and Nb in bulk composition. While the phonolitic tephra corresponds to the lower part of the middle LST unit it also contains phosphorus-rich relicts of older sediments with small euhedral (air-transported) volcanic crystals. Such sediments may have occurred in depressions at an older volcano prior to the major Laacher See eruption (~ 12,880 cal. BP).


Bølling-Allerød interstadial Younger Dryas Bohemian Forest Laacher See Tephra Mineralogy Trace elements 



The study was supported by the Czech Science Foundation within the project 17-05935S, by the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic within the projects LK21303 (Návrat), LM2015056 (CANAM—Center of Accelerators and Nuclear Analytical Methods), and LM2015074 (Nuclear Research Reactors LVR-15 and LR-0), and by the long-term conceptual development research organization RVO 67985831. We also thank to J. Trubač and L. Strnad for analysis of PGE, and B. Diekmann and an anonymous reviewer for constructive comments.

Supplementary material

531_2018_1658_MOESM1_ESM.docx (15 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 14 KB)
531_2018_1658_MOESM2_ESM.xlsx (28 kb)
Supplementary material 2 Tab. A2 Proportion of dry mass, and content of elements in the dry mass (in ppm unless stated otherwise) of all subsamples collected from the SJG B core (XLSX 28 KB)
531_2018_1658_MOESM3_ESM.docx (28 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (DOCX 27 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Hydrogeology, Engineering Geology and Applied GeophysicsCharles UniversityPrague 2Czech Republic
  2. 2.Nuclear Physics InstituteCzech Academy of SciencesHusinec-ŘežCzech Republic
  3. 3.Institute of Rock Structure and MechanicsCzech Academy of SciencesPrague 8Czech Republic
  4. 4.Institute of GeologyCzech Academy of SciencesPrague 6Czech Republic
  5. 5.Geophysical InstituteUniversity of Alaska FairbanksFairbanksUSA
  6. 6.Institute for Environmental StudiesCharles UniversityPrague 2Czech Republic

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