International Journal of Earth Sciences

, Volume 108, Issue 1, pp 187–212 | Cite as

Age and provenance of detrital zircons from the Oligocene formations of the Marseille–Aubagne basins (SE France): consequences on the geodynamic and palaeogeographic evolution of the northern Gondwana margin

  • M. VilleneuveEmail author
  • A. Gärtner
  • D. Nury
  • F. Fournier
  • P. Arlhac
  • U. Linnemann
  • J. P. Caron
Original Paper


Eight samples from Oligocene sedimentary rocks of the Marseille–Aubagne basins have been analysed for their detrital zircon age spectra. These age spectra provide information about the regional evolution, from Oligocene to Archaean times. The Carboniferous Variscan and the Late Cretaceous to Eocene Pyreneo-Provençal belts represent the latest main tectonic, magmatic, and volcanic events that formed the major zircon age populations found in studied sediments. The obtained detrital zircon age record of the Marseille–Aubagne basins comprises eleven detrital zircon age clusters. They reflect the long and complex geologic history of the sediments source areas and can be ascribed to the opening of the western Mediterranean, the Variscan, Cadomian and Pan-African belts, to an unknown Mesoproterozoic event, to the Eburnean orogeny of West Africa and to the different tectono-metamorphic events that took place in Archaean times. In general, the Palaeo- and Mesozoic events are ascribed to the dispersal of Western and Eastern Gondwana and the Pangaean supercontinent cycle. Thus, the successive recycling of zircon grains from older and the incorporation of them to younger belts lead to new geodynamical models for the northern Gondwana margin evolution. Significant amounts of Mesoproterozoic detrital zircon are at odds with previous hypotheses and re-open the question of the provenance of these zircon age populations. Therefore, this tiny tertiary basin is a natural archive which records the main geological events in SE France and its vicinity.


U–Th–Pb zircon dating Oligocene Variscan Provence Mediterranean Palaeogeography Geodynamic 



We acknowledge Philippe Rossi, Denis Thieblemont and Jean-Marc Lardeaux, in charge of the French Geological maps, for supporting this research in the frame of the geological map program. We acknowledge the reviewers: Axel Gerdes, Ruben Diez-Fernandez and Avishai Abbo for improving this paper by their very useful remarks and suggestions.

Supplementary material

531_2018_1649_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (82 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 82 KB)
531_2018_1649_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (1.6 mb)
Supplementary material 2 (PDF 1597 KB)
531_2018_1649_MOESM3_ESM.docx (14 kb)
Supplementary material 3 (DOCX 16 KB)


  1. Abdelsalam MG, Liégeois JP, Stern RJ (2002) The Saharan Metacraton. J Afr Earth Sci 34:119–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Affaton P, Rahaman MA, Trompette R, Sougy J (1991) The Dahomeyide Orogen: tectono-thermal evolution and relationships with the Volta basin. In: Dallmeyer D, Lecorché JP (eds) The West African Orogens and Circum-Atlantic Correlatives. Springer, Berlin, pp 107–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Altumi MM, Elicki O, Linnemann U, Hofmann M, Sagawe A, Gärtner A (2013) U–Pb LA-ICP-MS detrital zircon ages from the Cambrian of Al Qarqaf Arch, central-western Libya: Provenance of the West Gondwanan sand sea at the dawn of the early Palaeozoic. J Afr Earth Sci 97:74–79CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Auvray B, Charlot R, Vidal P (1980) Données nouvelles sur le Protérozoïque inférieur du domaine nord–armoricain (France): âge et signification. Can J Earth Sci 17:532–538CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Avigad D, Gerdes A, Morag N, Bechstädt T (2012) Couple U–Pb–Hf of detrital zircons of Cambrian sandstones from Morocco and Sardinia: Implications for provenance and Precambrian crustal evolution of North Africa. Gondwana Res 21:690–703CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bache F, Olivet JL, Gorini C, Aslanian D, Labails C, Rabineau M (2010) Evolution of rifted continental margins: the case of the Gulf of Lions (Western Mediterranean Basin). Earth Planet Sci Lett 293:345–356CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bea F, Montero P, Haissen F, El Archi A (2013) 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean-Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Res 224:242–254CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bellot JP (2005) The Palaeozoic evolution of the Maures massif (France) and its potential correlations with others areas of the Variscan belt: a review. J Virtual Explor 19(4):24 (Electronic edition, ISSN 1441-8142)Google Scholar
  9. Bertrand M (1899) La grande nappe de recouvrement de la Basse-Provence. Bull Serv Carte géol France X 68:397–467Google Scholar
  10. Bogdanova SV, Pisarevsky SA, Li ZX (2009) Assembly and breakup of Rodinia (some results of IGCP Project440). Stratigr Geol Correl 17(3):259–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Bradley DC, O’Sullivan P, Cosca MA, Motts HA, Horton JD, Taylor CD, Beaudoin G, Lee GK, Ramezani J, Bradley DB, Jones JV, Bowring S (2015) Synthesis of geological, structural, and geochronologic data (Phase V, Deliverable 53). In: Chapter A of: Taylor CD (éd.) Second Projet de Renforcement Institutionnel du Secteur Minier de la République Islamique de Mauritanie (PRISM-II). U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2013-12080-A, p 328.
  12. Brinckmann J, Meinhold KD (2007) La géologie de la chaîne des Bassarides et des terrains environnants au Nord-Ouest de la Guinée. Geol Jahr Hannover B SB1:446Google Scholar
  13. Caby R, Bertrand JM, Black R (1981) Pan-African closure and continental collision in the Hoggar-Iforas segment, central Sahara. In: Kroner A (ed) Precambrian plate tectonics. Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp 407–434Google Scholar
  14. Campredon R (1965) La structure du massif de Carpiagne près de Marseille. Ann Fac Sci Marseille XXXVII:21–22Google Scholar
  15. Caron J-PH (1969a) Livret-guide de l’Excursion des 1 et 2 Octobre 1969 sur le Trias de Provence. Assoc. Géol. Sud-Est et section “TRIAS” du Comité du Mésozoïque méditerranéen (C), vol 1. Trav Lab Sci Terre St-Jérôme, Marseille, 1–19Google Scholar
  16. Caron J-PH (1969b) Episodes volcaniques et volcano-détritiques dans le Trias moyen de la partie méridionale de l’arc de Barjols (Var). CR Acad Sci, Paris 270(D):pp 1223–1226Google Scholar
  17. Caron J-PH, Laville P (2016) Paradoxes and inaccuracies in the geological maps of scale 1/50 000, which show the Upper Cretaceous of the Southern margin of the Basin of Le Beausset (Provence, France). Bol Geol Min 127(2/3):511–520Google Scholar
  18. Caron J-PH, Villeneuve M (2018) New insights on the Triassic volcanic events in the Provence domainGoogle Scholar
  19. Carosi R, Montomoli C, Tiepolo M, Frassi C (2012) Geochronological constraints on post-collisional shear zones in the Variscides of Sardinia (Italy). Terra Nova 24:42–51CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Corfu F, Hanchar JM, Hoskin PWO, Kinny P (2003) Atlas of zircon textures. In: Hanchar, JM, Hoskin PWO (eds) Zircon. Rev Min Geochem 53:468–500CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Corroy G (1953) Les éléphants fossiles du bassin de Marseille d’après les découvertes anciennes et récentes. Ann Fac Sci Marseille XXII:33–40Google Scholar
  22. Corroy G (1963) La région triasique de la Valentine, prés Marseille (BDR). Trav Lab Geol Univ Aix-Marseille XXXIV(7):25–31Google Scholar
  23. Corsini M, Schneider J (2012) Late collisional exhumation of the lower crust in a transpressive environment: insight of the Maures-Tanneron massif (SE France). Géologie de la France 1:93Google Scholar
  24. Crowley QG, Heron K, Riggs N, Kamber B, Chew D, McConnell B, Benn K (2014) Chemical abrasion applied to LAICP-MS U–Pb zircon geochronology. Minerals 4:503–518CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Cruciani G, Franceschelli M, Musumeci G, Spano ME, Tiepolo M (2013) U–Pb zircon dating and nature of metavolcanics and metarkoses from the Monte Grighnini Unit: new insights on Late Ordovician magmatism in the Variscan belt in Sardinia, Italy. Int J Earth Sci 102:2077–2096CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. De Waele B, Lacorde M, Vergara F, Chan G (2014) New Insights on the Proterozoic tectonics and sedimentation along the Peri-Gondwanan West African margin based on zircon U–Pb SHRIMP geochronology. Precambrian Res 259:156–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Dellery B, Gaudin B (1977) Observations géologiques et géotechniques à l’occasion de travaux souterrains dans le bassin de Marseille. Géol Méd IV(1):55–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Dia O (1984) La chaine panafricaine et hercynienne des Mauritanides, face au bassin Protérozoïque à Dévonien de Taoudenni, dans le secteur de Mejeria (Taganet, Sud RIM): lithostratigraphie et tectonique. Thèse Etat. Université Aix-Marseille III, Marseille, France, 516Google Scholar
  29. Domeier M, Torsvik TH (2014) Plate tectonics in the Late Paleozoic. Geosci Front 5:303–350CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Dörr W, Zulauf G, Gerdes A, Lahaye Y, Kowalczyk G (2015) A hidden Tonian basement in the eastern Mediterranean: age constraints from U–Pb data of magmatic and detrital zircons of the External Hellenides (Crete and Peloponnesus). Precambrian Res 258:83–108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Dubar M (2018) Les formations post-Oligocene. In: Villeneuve M, Laville P, Monteau R et al (eds) Notice explicative de la carte géologique Aubagne-Marseille à 1/50 000. 3eme édition. BRGM, Orleans, 346Google Scholar
  32. Durand JP (1980) Les sédiments fuvéliens du synclinal de l’Arc (Provence). Supplément de l’Industrie Minérale, 13–25Google Scholar
  33. Durand M, Caron J-PH, Hadgorn H, Dietz-Ferrer J-B (2011) Pan-European correlation of the Triassic. In: 8th international field-workshop. Triassic of southeast France (Provence, Var & Alpes maritimes), September 4–8. P 66Google Scholar
  34. Ernst RE, Wingate MTD, Buchan KL, Li ZX (2008) Global record of 1600–700 Ma large igneous province (LIPs): implication for the reconstructions of the proposed Nuna (Columbia) and Rodinia supercontinents. Precambrian Res 160:159–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Espurt N, Hippolyte JC, Saillard M, Bellier O (2012) Geometry and kinematics evolution of a long-living foreland structure inferred from field data and cross section balancing, the Sainte-Victoire system. Provence France Tecton 30:TC4021Google Scholar
  36. Evans DAD (2013) Reconstructing the pre-Pangean supercontinents. Geol Soc Amer Bull 125(11–12):1735–1751CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Faure M, Bé Mézème E, Duguet M, Cartier C, Talbot J-Y (2005) Paleozoic tectonic evolution of medio-Europa from the example of the French Massif Central and Massif Armoricain. In: Carosi R, Dias R, Lacopini D, Rosenbaum G (eds) The southern Variscan belt, Journal of the Virtual Explorer, Electronic Edition, ISSN 1441-8142, 19, Paper 5Google Scholar
  38. Faure M, Sommers C, Melleton J, Cocherie A, Lautout O (2009) The Léon Domain (French Massif Armoricain): a westward extension of the Mid-German Crystalline Rise? Structural and geochronological insights. Int J Earth Sci 99:65–81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Faure M, Rossi P, Gaché J, Melleton J, Frei D, Li XH, Lin W (2014) Variscan orogeny in Corsica: new structural and geochronological insights, and its place in the Variscan geodynamic framework. Int J Earth Sci 103(6):1533–1551CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Fedo CM, Sircombe KN, Rainbird RH (2003) Detrital zircon analysis of the sedimentary record. In: Hanchar JM, Hoskin PWO (eds.) Zircon. Rev Min Geochem 53:277–303CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Fernández RD, Catalán JRM, Gerdes A, Abati J, Arenas R, Fernández-Suárez J (2010) U–Pb ages of detrital zircons from the basal allochthonous units of NW Iberia: provenance and paleoposition on the northern margin of Gondwana during the Neoproterozoic and Paleozoic. Gondwana Res 18:385–399CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Fernández RD, Catalán JRM, Arenas R, Abati J, Gerdes A, Fernández-Suárez J (2012) U–Pb detrital zircon analysis of the lower allochthon of NW Iberia: age constraints, provenance and links with the Variscan mobile belt and Gondwanan cratons. J Geol Soc 169:655–665CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Fernandez-Alonso M, Cutten H, De Waele B, Tack L, Tahon A, Baudet D, Baritt SD (2012) The Mesoproterozoic Karagwe-Ankole belt (formerly the NE Kibara belt): the result of prolonged extensional intracratonic basin development punctuated by two short-lived far-field compressional events. Précambrien Res 216–219:63–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Floquet M, Philip J, Léonide P, Gari J (2006) Sédimentation et géodynamique du Bassin Sud-Provençal au Crétacé supérieur. In: Livret-guide d’excursion géologique, Université de Provence, Centre Saint-Charles, Marseille, Ouvrage en dépôt à la SGF Paris, p 69Google Scholar
  45. Floquet M, Léonide P, Marchand D (2007) Dynamique sédimentaire du Bassin Sud-Provençal au Jurassique. Livret guide d’excursion géologique, Groupe Français d’Etude du Jurassique, Document Université de Provence, Marseille, 18–20 Octobre 2007, p 125 (73 figs)Google Scholar
  46. Froget C (1974) Essai sur la géologie du pré continent de la Provence occidentale. Thèse Etat, Université Aix-Marseille, Marseille, p 219Google Scholar
  47. Gärtner A, Villeneuve M, Linnemann U, El Archi A, Bellon H (2013) An exotic terrane of Laurussian affinity in the Mauritanides and Souttoufides (Moroccan Sahara). Gondwana Res 24:687–699CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Gärtner A, Villeneuve M, Linnemann U, Gerdes A, Youbi N, Hofmann M (2015) Similar crustal evolution in the western units of the Adrar Souttouf Massif (Moroccan Sahara) and the Avalonian terranes: Insights from Hf isotope data. Tectonophysics 681:305–317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Gärtner A, Villeneuve M, Linnemann U, Gerdes A, Youbi N, Guillou O, Rjimati E-C (2016) History of the West African Neoproterozoic Ocean: Key to the geotectonic history of circum-Atlantic peri-Gondwana (Adrar Souttouf Massif, Moroccan Sahara). Gondwana Res 29:220–233CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Gärtner A, Youbi N, Villeneuve M, Sagawe A, Hofmann M, Mahmoudi A, Bouhmedi MA, Linnemann U (2017) The zircon evidence of temporally changing sediment transport: the NW Gondwana margin during Cambrian to Devonian time (Aoucert and Smara areas, Moroccan Sahara). Int J Earth Sci 106:2747–2769CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Gärtner A, Youbi N, Villeneuve M, Linnemann U, Sagawe A, Hofmann M, Zieger J, Mahmoudi A, Boumehdi MA (2018) Palaeogeographic implications from the sediments of the Sebkha Gezmayet unit of the Adrar Souttouf Massif (Moroccan Sahara). CR Geosci. Google Scholar
  52. Gastaud J, Campredon R, Féraud G (1983) Les systèmes filoniens des Causses et du Bas Languedoc (Sud de la France): géochronologie, relations avec les paleocontraintes. Bull Soc Geol France 25(5):737–746CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Gerdes A, Zeh A (2006) Combined U–Pb and Hf isotope LA-(MC-) ICP-MS analyses of detrital zircons: Comparison with SHRIMP and new constraints for the provenance and age of an Armorican metasediment in Central Germany. Earth Planet Sci Lett 249:47–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Gerdes A, Zeh A (2009) Zircon formation versus zircon alteration–new insights from combined U–Pb and Lu–Hf in situ LA-ICP-MS analyses, and consequences for the interpretation of Archean zircon from the Central Zone of the Limpopo Belt. Chem Geol 261:230–243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Gouvernet C (1952) La série paléozoïque du Cap Sicié et de la région de Six-Fours (Var). CR Acad Sci 234:228–229Google Scholar
  56. Gouvernet C (1963) Structure de la région toulonnaise. Mem Expl Carte géol. détaillée, France, p 244Google Scholar
  57. Guieu G, Blanc JJ, Bonifay E, Caron JPH, Gouvernet C, Nury D, Philip J, Taxy-Fabre S, Tempier C (1969) Notice carte géologique de la France à 1/50000 Aubagne-Marseille, vol XXXII-45, 2ème édition, BRGM, Orleans, p 26Google Scholar
  58. Haug E, Lanquine A, Maury E, Denizot G, Lutaud L, Pfender J (1935) Notice de la carte géologique Marseille-Aubagne à 1/50000 1ère édition, p 28Google Scholar
  59. Kokonyangi JW, Okudaira T, Kampunzu AB, Yoshida M (2001) Geological evolution of the Kibarides belt, Mitwaba, Democratic Republic of Congo, Central Africa. Gondwana Res 4:663664Google Scholar
  60. Kolodner K, Avigad D, Mc Williams M, Woodens JL, Weissbrod T, Feinstein S (2006) Provenance of north Gondwana Cambrian-Ordovician sandstone: U–Pb SHRIMP dating of detrital zircons from Israel and Jordan. Geol Mag 143(3):367–391CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Koralay OE, Candan O, Chen F, Akal C, Oberhansli R, Satir M, Dora O (2012) Pan-African magmatism in the Menderes Massif: geochronological data from leucogranic tourmaline orthogneisses in western Turkey. Int J Earth Sci 101:2055–2081CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Kydonakis K, Kostopoulos D, Poujol M, Brun JP, Papanikolaou D, Paquette JL (2014) The dispersal of Gondwana super-fan system in the eastern Mediterranean: New insights from detrital zircon geochronology. Gondwana Res 25:1230–1241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Li ZX, Bogdanova SV, Collins AS, Davidson A, De Waele B, Ernst RE, Fitzsimons ICW, Fuck RA, Gladkochub DP, Jacobs J, Karlstrom KE, Lul S, Natapov LM, Pease V, Pisarevsky SA, Thrane K, Vernikovsky V (2008) Assembly, configuration, and break-up history of Rodinia: A synthesis. Precambrian Res 160:179–210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Li XH, Faure M, Lin W (2014) From crustal anatexis to mantle melting in the Variscan orogen of Corsica (France): SIMS U–Pb zircon age constraints. Tectonophysics 634:19–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Liègeois JP, Abdelsalam MG, Ennih N, Ouabadi A (2013) Metacraton: nature, genesis and behaviour. Gondwana Res 23:220–237CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Link PK, Fanning CM, Beranek LP (2009) Reliability and longitudinal change of detrital-zircon age spectra in the Snake River system, Idaho and Wyoming: an example of reproducing the bumpy barcode. Sediment Geol 182:101–142CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Linnemann U, Mc Naughton NJ, Romer RL, Gehmlich M, Drost K, Tonk C (2004) West African provenance for Saxo-Thuringia (Bohemian massif): did Armorica ever leave pre-Pangean Gondwana?—U/Pb-SHRIMP zircon evidence and Nd-isotopic record. Int J Earth Sci 93:683–705CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Linnemann U, Gerdes A, Drost K, Buschmann B (2007) The continuum between Cadomian orogenesis and opening of the Rheic Ocean: constraints from LA-ICPMS U–Pb zircon dating and analysis of plate tectonic setting (Saxo-Thuringian zone, north-eastern Bohemian massif, Germany). In: Linnemann U, Nance DR, Kraft P, Zulauf G (eds) The evolution of Rheic Ocean: from Avalonian Cadomian Active margin to Alleghanian-Variscan Collision. Geological Society of America, SP, Boulder, 42361–42396Google Scholar
  69. Linnemann U, Gerdes A, Hofmann M, Marko L (2014) The Cadomian Orogen: Neoproterozoic to Early Cambrian crustal growth and orogenic zoning along the periphery of the West African Craton-Constraints from U–Pb ages and Hf isotopes (Schwarzburg antiform, Germany). Precambrian Res 244:236–278CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Ludwig KR (2011) Isoplot: a plotting and regression program for radiogenic isotope data. Version 4.13- March 2011. US Geological Survey Open-File Report, p 445Google Scholar
  71. Malek HA, Gasquet D, Bertrand JM, Leterrier J (1998) Géochronologie U–Pb sur zircon de granites éburnéens et panafricains dans les boutonnières protérozoïques d’Irghem, du Keredous et du Bas Dràa (Anti-Atlas occidental, Maroc). CR Acad Sci Paris 327:819–826Google Scholar
  72. Margalef A, Castineiras P, Casas JM, Navidad M, Liesa M, Linnemann U, Hofmann M, Gartner A (2016) Detrital zircons from Ordovician rocks of the Pyrenees: Geochronological constraints and provenance. Tectonophysics 681:124–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Masse JP (1976) Les calcaires urgoniens de Provence (Valanginien-Aptien inférieur), Stratigraphie, Paléontologie, Les paléoenvironnements et leur évolution. Thèse de doctorat Etat. Université de Provence, Marseille, p 445Google Scholar
  74. Masse JP, Fenerci-Masse M (2011) Drowning discontinuities and stratigraphic correlation in platform carbonates: The late Barremian–early Aptian record of southeast France. Cretac Res 32(6):659–684Google Scholar
  75. Matte P (1986) La chaine varisque parmi les chaines paléozoïques péri-Atlantiques, modèle d’évolution et position des grands blocs continentaux au Permo-Carbonifère. Bull Soc Geol France 8(2):9–24Google Scholar
  76. Matte P (2001) The Variscan collage and orogeny (480–290 Ma) and the tectonic definition of the Armorica microplate: a review. Terra Nova 13:122–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Melleton J, Cocherie A, Faure M, Rossi P (2010) Precambrian protoliths and early Paleozoic Magmatism in the French Massif Central: U–Pb data and the North Gondwana connection in west European Variscan belt. Gondwana Res 17:13–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Micheletti F, Fornelli A, Piccarreta G, Tiepolo M (2011) U–Pb Zircon data of Variscan meta-igneous and igneous acidic rocks from an Alpine shear zone in Calabria (southern Italy). Int J Earth Sci 100:139–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Montenat C, Leyrit H, Gillot PY, Janin MC, Barrier P (1999) Extension du volcanisme oligocène dans l’arc de Castellane (chaines subalpines de Haute-Provence. Géol France 1:43–48Google Scholar
  80. Nury D (1988) L’Oligocène de Provence méridionale: Documents du BRGM 163:1–411Google Scholar
  81. Nury D, Villeneuve M, Arlhac P, Gärtner A, Linnemann U, Châteauneuf JJ, Riveline J, Hippolyte JC (2016) New insights on the Marseille-Aubagne Oligocene basins (France). Bol Geol Min 127(2/3):483–498Google Scholar
  82. Oudet J (2008) Étude terre-mer de la transition syn-rift/post -rift sur les marges de l’océan Liguro-Provençal. Thèse Université de Provence, Marseille, p 288Google Scholar
  83. Perroud H, Van Der Voo R (1985) Paleomagnetism of the Late Ordovician Thouars massif (Vendée province, France). J Geophys Res 90(B):4611–4625CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Philip J (1993) Late Cretaceous Carbonate-Silicoclastic Platforms of Provence, Southeastern France. In: Cretaceous Carbonate Platforms, Simo A, Scott R, Masse JP (eds.). Am Ass Petr Geol Mem 56:375–385Google Scholar
  85. Philip J (2009) Etude géologique du massif de la Salette (Bouches du Rhône). Musée de Paléontologie de Provence. Marseille, p 38Google Scholar
  86. Pratt JR, Barbeau DL Jr., Garver JI, Emran A, Izykowski TM (2015) Detrital Zircon Geochronology of Mesozoic Sediments in the Rif and Middle Atlas Belts of Morocco: provenance constraints and refinement of the West African signature. J Geol 123:177–200CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Pratt JR, Barbeau DL Jr., Izykowski TM, Garver JI, Emran A (2016) Sedimentary provenance of the Taza-Guercif Basin, South Rifean Corridor, Morocco: implications for basin emergence. Geosphere. Google Scholar
  88. Redondo C (1986) Etude des sédiments détritiques du Crétacé supérieur marin de la Provence occidentale et recherche des zones d’apports. Thèse Université de Provence, Marseille, p 474Google Scholar
  89. Rehault JP, Honthaas C, Guennoc P, Bellon H, Ruffet G, Cotton J, Sosson M, Maury RC (2012) Off-shore Oligo-Miocene volcanic fields within the Corsica-Liguria Basin: Magmatic diversity and slab evolution in: the western Mediterranean Sea. J Geodyn 58:73–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Rivers T (2008) Assembly and preservation of lower, mid, and upper orogenic crust in the Grenville Province-Implications for the evolution of large hot long-duration orogens. Precambrian Res 167(3–4):237–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Rossi P, Cocherie A, Faning CM, Deloule E (2006) Variscan to Neo-alpine events recorded in European lower-crust zircons sampled from the French Massif Central and Corsica. France Lithos 87:235–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Sircombe KN (2004) AGEDISPLAY: an EXCEL workbook to evaluate and display univariate geochronological data using binned frequency histograms and probability density distributions. Comput Geosci 30:21–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Sougy J (1962) West African Fold Belt. Geol Soc Am Bull 73:871–876CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Soulaimani A, Burkhard M (2008) The Anti-Atlas chain (Morocco): the southern margin of the Variscan belt along the edge of the West African craton. In: Ennih N, Liégeois JP (eds) The Boundaries of the West African Craton, vol 297. Geological Society, SP, London, pp 33–452Google Scholar
  95. Spencer CJ, Kirkland CL, Taylor RJM (2016) Strategies towards statistically robust interpretation of in situ U–Pb zircon eochronology. Geosci Front 7:581–589CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Stacey JS, Kramers JD (1975) Approximation of terrestrial lead isotope evolution by a two-stage model. Earth Planet Sci Lett 26:207–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Stampfli G, Borel GD (2002) A plate tectonic model for the Palaeozoic and Mesozoic constrained by dynamic plate boundaries and restored synthetic oceanic isochrones. Earth Planet Sci Lett 196(1):17–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Tassy A (2012) Karsts côtiers et canyons sous marins de la marge provençale au Mésozoique: Contrôle géodynamique, eustatique, hydrologique et structural. Thèse Aix-Marseille Université, Marseille, 415 ppGoogle Scholar
  99. Tempier C (1972) Les faciès calcaires du Jurassique provençal. Travaux du Laboratoire des Sciences de la Terre, Université d’Aix-Marseille III. Marseille 4:361 ppGoogle Scholar
  100. Thomas RJ, Chevallier LC, Gresse PG, Harmer RE, Eglington BM, Armstrong RA, de Beer CH, Martini JEJ, de Kock GS, Macey P, Ingram B (2002) Precambrian evolution of the Sirwa window, Anti-Atlas Orogen, Morocco. Precambrian Res 118:1–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Ustaömer PA, Ustaömer T, Gerdes A, Zulauf G (2011) Detrital zircon ages from the Lower Ordovician quartzite of the Istambul exotic terrane (NW Turkey): evidence for Amazonian affinity. Int J Earth Sci 100:23–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. Villeneuve M, Bellon H, El Archi A, Sahabi M, Rehault JP, Olivet JL, Aghzer AM (2006) Evénements panafricains dans l’Adrar Souttouf (Sahara marocain). CR Geosci 338:359–367CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Villeneuve M, El Archi A, Nzamba J (2010) Les chaînes de la marge occidentale du craton Ouest Africain, modèles géodynamiques. CR Geosci Paris 342:1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Villeneuve M, Vernhet E, El Archi A (2012) Is there two Neoproterozoic orogens in the Anti-Atlas belt? In: 29th IAS meeting, September 10–13th, ViennaGoogle Scholar
  105. Villeneuve M, Bellon H, Corsini M, Le Metour J, Chatelee S (2015a) New investigations in southwestern Guinea: consequences for the Rokelide belt (West Africa). Int J Earth Sci 104:1267–1275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Villeneuve M, Gärtner A, Youbi N, El Archi A, Vernhet E, Rjimati EC, Linnemann U, Bellon H, Gerdes A, Guillou O, Corsini M, Paquette JL (2015b) The Southern and central parts of the Souttoufide belt, Northwest Africa. J Afr Earth Sci 112:451–470CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. Villeneuve M, Nury D, Arlhac P, Gärtner A, Linnemann U, Pantaine L (2016) Evidence for an intra-Oligocene compressive event in the Marseille-Aubagne basins (SE France). Bol Geol Min 127(2/3):499–512Google Scholar
  108. Villeneuve M (Coord) et al. (2018) Mémoire explicatif.Carte geol.France (1/50 000), feuille Aubagne-Marseille, 3eme edn. BRGM, Orléans, p 333 (1044)Google Scholar
  109. von Raumer JF, Stampfli GM (2008) The birth of the Rheic Ocean—Early Paleozoic subsidence patterns and subsequent tectonic plate scenarios. Tectonophysics 461:9–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Zlatkin O, Avigad D, Gerdes A (2017) The Pelagonian terrane of Greece in the peri-Gondwanan mosaic of the Eastern Mediterranean: Implications for the geological evolution of Avalonia. Precambrian Res 290:163–183CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Zulauf G, Dörr W, Fiala J, Romano SS (2007) Crete and Minoan Terranes: age constraints from U–Pb dating of detrital zircons. In: Linnemann U, Nance RD, Kraft P, Zulauf G (eds) The evolution of the Rheic Ocean: from Avalonian-Cadomian Active Margin to Alleghanian-Variscan collision, vol 423. Geological Society of Americe Special Paper, London, pp 401–409Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Villeneuve
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. Gärtner
    • 2
    • 3
  • D. Nury
    • 4
  • F. Fournier
    • 1
  • P. Arlhac
    • 5
  • U. Linnemann
    • 2
  • J. P. Caron
    • 6
  1. 1.Aix-Marseille Univ., CNRS, IRD, INRA, Coll. France, CEREGEAix-en-ProvenceFrance
  2. 2.Senckenberg MuseumDresdenGermany
  3. 3.Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR), Institute of Ion Beam Physics and Materials ResearchDresdenGermany
  4. 4.SGFAuriolFrance
  5. 5.SGFLa Cadière d’AzurFrance
  6. 6.SGFSix-Fours les PlagesFrance

Personalised recommendations