International Journal of Earth Sciences

, Volume 108, Issue 1, pp 115–135 | Cite as

Clastic wedge provenance in the Zemplinicum Carboniferous–Permian rocks using the U–Pb zircon age dating (Western Carpathians, Slovakia)

  • Anna VozárováEmail author
  • Alexander Larionov
  • Katarína Šarinová
  • Nickolay Rodionov
  • Elena Lepekhina
  • Jozef Vozár
  • Ilya Paderin
Original Paper


U–Pb (SHRIMP) detrital zircon ages from the Pennsylvanian–Permian meta-sedimentary rocks of the Zemplinicum Unit were used to characterise the provenance and the tectono-thermal evolution of the basement. The magmatic zircon ages from the contemporaneous rhyolite pyroclastics, ranging from 308 to 305 Ma, dated the Pennsylvanian sedimentary formations to the Moscovian and Kasimovian Ages. Two brakes in sedimentation within the Pennsylvanian–Permian sequence are presumed, first, flanked by Gzhelian–Asselian and second, intra-Permian. The detrital zircon age spectrum demonstrates two prominent populations: (i) Middle/Late Ordovician (age peak 459 Ma), (ii) Ediacaran–Cryogenian (age peaks 592 and 641 Ma). These, together with minor clusters from ~ 773 to 950 Ma, evidently document the Pan-African multiple magmatic events. The 1.1–1.8 Ga age gap and isolated zircons of Mesoproterozoic ages (1036–1361 Ma) are characteristic. Two populations, 1.8–2.2 Ga and 2.5–2.8 Ga, are presented within the Paleoproterozoic–Neoarchean zircons. The Zemplinicum Neoproterozoic arc crust had been affected by the extensional thermal relaxation and melting during Middle/Late Ordovician. The subsequent reworking had been connected with the Mississippian collision, followed by the Pennsylvanian/Permian extension. The presence of the Neoproterozoic detrital zircon ages including the Tonian ones permit to compare the Zemplinicum basement with the eastern peri-Gondwanan domain, which was situated at the northern margin of the Saharan Metacraton or the Arabian Nubian Shield during Neoproterozoic time.


SHRIMP dating Zircon ages Provenance variations Tectonic implication 



The financial support of the Slovak Research and Development Agency (Project ID: APVV-0546-11) and VEGA (project VEGA 1/0141/15) is gratefully acknowledged. The authors would like to thank M. Kohút and an unknown reviewer for the constructive reviews which led to a significant improvement of this manuscript.

Supplementary material

531_2018_1645_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (61 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 60 KB)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mineralogy and Petrology, Faculty of Natural SciencesComenius University in BratislavaBratislavaSlovak Republic
  2. 2.Centre of Isotopic Research, A. P. Karpinsky Russian Geological Research Institute (FGBU “VSEGEI”)Saint PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.Earth Science Institute of the Slovak Academy of SciencesBratislavaSlovak Republic

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