International Journal of Earth Sciences

, Volume 108, Issue 1, pp 67–88 | Cite as

Geochronology, geochemistry and tectonic significance of the Dashizhai ophiolitic mélange belt, southeastern Xing’an–Mongolia orogenic belt

  • Zhiguang ZhouEmail author
  • Changfeng Liu
  • Guosheng Wang
  • Neng Zhang
  • Hongying Li
  • Chen Wu
Original Paper


The Xing’an–Mongolia orogenic belt places at the southeastern margin of the Central Asian orogenic belt, is important for unraveling the tectonic evolution of the accretionary orogens. The validity of existing models that account for the development and closure of the Paleo-Asian Ocean critically depends on the assumed initial configuration and evolution process of the various microcontinents that were separated by the ophiolitic belts or suture zones, and deep faults. In this work, we present a newly discovered Dashizhai ophiolitic mélange belt in the Ulanhot region, and systematically investigate the occurrence through petrology and geochronology of this ophiolitic mélange. The Dashizhai ophiolitic mélange belt is a typical SSZ-type ophiolitic mélange, has a block-in-matrix structure, the blocks include ophiolitic ultramafic rock, volcanic rock, siliceous rock and gabbro in a matrix of deformed Early Permian slate. Our new geochronology data suggest that the Dashizhai ophiolitic mélange belt should form in the early Permian or younger and emplaced before the late Permian deposition. By focusing on the regional geologic history of the southeastern Xing’an–Mongolia orogenic belt, the Dashizhai ophiolitic mélange belt together with northeast-migrating Hehei fault zone were suggested as the tectonic boundary between the Xing’an and Songliao–Xilinhot blocks.


Xing’an–Mongolia orogenic belt Dashizhai ophiolitic mélange belt Late Carboniferous–Early Permian Geochronology and geochemistry Xing’an and Songliao–Xilinhot blocks 



Constructive reviews by Professor Xiao Wenjiao and three anonymous reviewers led to significant improvements of the original manuscript. Funding for this research was provided by the National Natural Science Foundations of China (Grants: 41702054 and 41772227). This work was supported by the Inner Mongolia Mapping Programs (Project number: 1212010811001, 1212011120700, DD20160045, 1212010510506) awarded to Zhiguang Zhou and administered by the Institute of Geological Survey, China University of Geosciences (Beijing).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zhiguang Zhou
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Changfeng Liu
    • 2
  • Guosheng Wang
    • 1
  • Neng Zhang
    • 3
  • Hongying Li
    • 4
  • Chen Wu
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Earth Science and ResourcesChina University of Geosciences (Beijing)BeijingChina
  2. 2.Institute of Geological SurveyChina University of Geosciences (Beijing)BeijingChina
  3. 3.Institute of Guangxi Geological SurveyNanningChina
  4. 4.Institute of EconomicsSichuan University of Science and EngineeringZigongChina

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