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International Journal of Earth Sciences

, Volume 107, Issue 6, pp 2011–2022 | Cite as

Authigenic rhodochrosite from a gas hydrate-bearing structure in Lake Baikal

  • Alexey A. Krylov
  • Akihiro Hachikubo
  • Hirotsugu Minami
  • Tatyana V. Pogodaeva
  • Tamara I. Zemskaya
  • Mariya G. Krzhizhanovskaya
  • Jeffrey Poort
  • Oleg M. Khlystov
Original Paper
  • 147 Downloads

Abstract

Early diagenetic carbonates are rare in Lake Baikal. Siderite (Fe carbonate) concretions in the sediments were discovered only recently. Here, we discuss the first finding of rhodochrosite concretions (Mn carbonate) discovered in the near-bottom sediments of the gas hydrate-bearing seepage structure St. Petersburg-2 in the deep water environment of the Central Baikal Basin. The crystal lattice of rhodochrosite contains iron and calcium substituting to manganese. Based on pore water geochemistry and of δ13C values of rhodochrosite (− 23.3 and − 29.4‰), carbon dioxide (+ 3.8 to − 16.1‰) and methane (− 63.2 to − 67.8‰), we show that carbonate crystallization most likely occurred during microbial anaerobic oxidation of organic matter, and that part of the oxygen making up the rhodochrosite seems to be derived from the 18O-rich water released from dissociating gas hydrates.

Keywords

Lake Baikal Authigenic carbonates Rhodochrosite Methane Gas hydrates 

Notes

Acknowledgements

XRD and microprobe analyzes carried out in resource centers at St. Petersburg State University: “Centre for X-ray Diffraction Studies” and “Center for Microscopy and Microanalysis”. Research supported by the RFBR grant 16-05-00979 (to A.K., O.K.), Event-6 of St. Petersburg State University (3.42.1039.2016) (to AK), JSPS KAKENHI Grant Numbers JP26303021 (to A.H.) and JP16H05760 (to H.M.), as well as the Kitami Institute of Technology (Presidential Grant). The field work and analysis of pore water chemistry performed under the Project of 0345-2014-0009 and 0345-2016-0007. The paper is also associated to the French–Russian bilateral project “Shy@Baikal” (CNRS-PRC Nr. 1072 and RFFI Nr.16-55-0005). Authors are grateful to Rustam Atanyazov, Leisan Muzafarova and Dr. Svetlana Janson for research assistance. Constructive reviews of G. Aloisi and an anonymous reviewer helped to significantly improve the content of the article.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexey A. Krylov
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Akihiro Hachikubo
    • 4
  • Hirotsugu Minami
    • 4
  • Tatyana V. Pogodaeva
    • 3
  • Tamara I. Zemskaya
    • 3
  • Mariya G. Krzhizhanovskaya
    • 2
  • Jeffrey Poort
    • 5
  • Oleg M. Khlystov
    • 3
  1. 1.FGBU “Academician I.S. Gramberg All-Russia Research Institute for Geology and Mineral Resources of the World Ocean” (VNIIOkeangeologia)St. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Earth SciencesSt. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.Limnological Institute, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of SciencesIrkutskRussia
  4. 4.Kitami Institute of TechnologyKitamiJapan
  5. 5.Institut des Sciences de la Terre de Paris (ISTeP)Sorbonne Université, UMR 7193 CNRS-UPMCParisFrance

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