International Journal of Earth Sciences

, Volume 107, Issue 5, pp 1791–1806 | Cite as

Linking Palaeozoic palaeogeography of the Betic Cordillera to the Variscan Iberian Massif: new insight through the first conodonts of the Nevado-Filábride Complex

  • Rosario Rodríguez-Cañero
  • Antonio Jabaloy-Sánchez
  • Pilar Navas-Parejo
  • Agustín Martín-Algarra
Original Paper


Graphite-rich metamorphic limestones included within low-grade black schists of the lowest Nevado-Filábride tectonic unit in the Sierra de Baza (Bodurria Unit) provided the first conodonts found in this complex (Declinognathodus bernesgae, D. inaequalis. D. cf. praenoduliferus, and Idioprioniodus sp.). This demonstrates the early Bashkirian age of the sedimentary protoliths, and their deposition in open marine anoxic environments of a continental margin that opened towards the E and that was related to the Palaeotethys. This breakthrough offers strong support for the hypothesis that the lower Nevado-Filábride units show stratigraphic and palaeogeographic affinities with the external domains of the Iberian Massif (Palentian Domain of the Cantabrian Zone in particular). Consequently, this part of the Betic Internal Zones must be related to the basement of the South-Iberian Palaeomargin and excluded from the Alborán Domain tectonostratigraphic terrane.


Conodont fauna Nevado-Filábride Complex Betic Cordillera Variscan Belt 



We acknowledge J.R. Martínez Catalán and an anonymous reviewer for their comments and suggestions that notably improved the paper. This work is supported by Grants CGL2016-75679P, CGL2016-75224-R, and CGL2015-71692-P (MINECO/FEDER, Spain) and RNM-208 (Junta de Andalucía, Spain). We acknowledge the help of Ángela Cabrera-Porras and Ana Vélez-Felipe for their help during laboratory work for conodont sample preparation, and Isabel Sánchez-Almazo (C.I.C.-UGR) for the assistance during the SEM study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rosario Rodríguez-Cañero
    • 1
  • Antonio Jabaloy-Sánchez
    • 2
  • Pilar Navas-Parejo
    • 3
  • Agustín Martín-Algarra
    • 4
  1. 1.Departamento de Estratigrafía y PaleontologíaUniversidad de GranadaGranadaSpain
  2. 2.Departamento de GeodinámicaUniversidad de GranadaGranadaSpain
  3. 3.Estación Regional del NoroesteInstituto de Geología, UNAMHermosilloMexico
  4. 4.Departamento de Estratigrafía y Paleontología and IACT (UGR-CSIC)Universidad de GranadaGranadaSpain

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