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International Journal of Earth Sciences

, Volume 107, Issue 5, pp 1579–1601 | Cite as

Cadomian volcanosedimentary complexes across the Ediacaran–Cambrian transition of the Eastern Pyrenees, southwestern Europe

  • Maxime Padel
  • J. Javier Álvaro
  • Josep Maria Casas
  • Sébastien Clausen
  • Marc Poujol
  • Teresa Sánchez-García
Original Paper

Abstract

The volcanism hosted by the Ediacaran–Terreneuvian Canaveilles Group of the Eastern Pyrenees displays two distinct geochemical affinities: (1) metabasites of the Nyer and Olette formations reflect the emplacement of a tholeiitic magmatism linked to extensional conditions, whereas (2) subsequent felsic and calc-alkaline magmatic rocks marking the top of the Olette Formation and forming the overlying Fabert and Finestrelles members represent Cadomian magmatic events. Based on U–Pb zircon dating constraints, palaeotopographic relationships linked to onlap geometries and distance from vent sources, three volcanosedimentary edifices can be distinguished, the so-called Tregurà (ca. 565–552 Ma), Cap de Creus (ca. 558 Ma) and Coll d’Ares (ca. 542–532 Ma) edifices. The top of their palaeoreliefs recorded locally the nucleation of centres of microbial carbonate productivity (Puig Sec Member) linked to synsedimentary tilting and karstification. Throughout West Gondwana, the presence of carbonate production across the Ediacaran–Cambrian transition is exclusively located in back-arc settings (Central-Iberian Zone) and areas far from the Cadomian subduction trench and devoid of significant terrigenous input, such as those reported in the Eastern Pyrenees and the neighbouring Montagne Noire.

Keywords

Stratigraphy Carbonate production Volcanism Geochemistry LA-ICP-MS U–Pb dating West Gondwana 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are indebted to Bernard Laumonier by his invaluable discussions in the field, and to Profs. Jürgen von Raumer and Holger Paulick by their useful and constructive revisions. Funding for this research was yielded by RGF program of the French Geological Survey (BRGM) and projects CGL2013-48877-P and CGL2015-66335-C2-1-R from Spanish MINECO.

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 21 KB)
531_2017_1559_MOESM2_ESM.xls (220 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (XLS 220 KB)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maxime Padel
    • 1
  • J. Javier Álvaro
    • 2
  • Josep Maria Casas
    • 3
  • Sébastien Clausen
    • 4
  • Marc Poujol
    • 5
  • Teresa Sánchez-García
    • 6
  1. 1.BRGMOrléansFrance
  2. 2.Instituto de Geociencias (CSIC-UCM)MadridSpain
  3. 3.Departament de Dinàmica de la Terra i de l’Oceà-Institut de recerca GeomodelsUniversitat de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  4. 4.UMR 8198 EEP CNRS, Université de Lille 1Villeneuve d’AscqFrance
  5. 5.Géosciences Rennes, UMR 6118, OSUR, Université de Rennes 1RennesFrance
  6. 6.IGMEMadridSpain

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