International Journal of Earth Sciences

, Volume 103, Issue 1, pp 367–380 | Cite as

Remarks on sequence stratigraphy and taphonomy of the Malvinokaffric shelly fauna during the KAČÁK Event in the Apucarana Sub-basin (Paraná Basin), Brazil

  • Rodrigo Scalise Horodyski
  • Michael Holz
  • Yngve Grahn
  • Elvio Pinto Bosetti
Original Paper


The Eifelian–Givetian (Middle Devonian) transition constituted an important paleoenvironmental event for the Malvinokaffric Realm in the Apucarana Sub-basin (Paraná Basin). This study highlights integration between taphonomy and sequence stratigraphy, and four depositional sequences are identified during the transition. In Sequence 1, the presence of a typical normal-sized Malvinokaffric fauna is recorded. In the transgressive systems tract (TST) of Sequence 2, no benthic fossils are present, and this is interpreted as a stratigraphic marker of an event of significant paleoenvironmental change (KAČÁK Event). In Sequence 3, the TST has abundant bioclasts, which become rarer toward the top of the section, i.e., within the transgressive systems tract. The original habitat of this autochthonous to parautochthonous fauna was a low-energy environment between the fair weather wave base and the storm wave base of the Devonian epicontinental sea. In the highstand systems tract of this sequence, the presence of normal-sized Pennaia paulianna and lingulids demonstrates the return of more ambient conditions. Sequence 4 is of Carboniferous age. Its limit is a second-order sequence boundary recording a lowstand systems tract formed by a fluvial depositional system. The low diversity and the disappearance of taxa are not the result of a taphonomic bias, but reflect the post-KAČÁK Event.


Taphonomy Sequence stratigraphy Devonian Paraná basin Apucarana Sub-basin 



Rodrigo Scalise Horodyski (CNPq-141256/2010-9) and Michael Holz (CNPq-303047/2011-9) acknowledge the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) for personal research grants. Yngve Grahn and Elvio P. Bosetti thanks CNPq (CNPq PQ 401796/2010-8) for financial support. Dr. Renata Guimarães Netto (Universidade do Rio dos Sinos, Rio Grande do Sul) is acknowledged for information on ichnofossils, and Prof. Peter Isaacson (Moscow, Idaho) is warmly acknowledged for reviewing the manuscript and checking the English and Dr. Eberhard Schindler (Frankfurt am Main, Germany) for reviewing it. The reviews of an early version of the manuscript by Carlton E. Brett (University of Cincinnati) and two anonymous reviewers greatly improved it.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rodrigo Scalise Horodyski
    • 1
  • Michael Holz
    • 2
  • Yngve Grahn
    • 3
  • Elvio Pinto Bosetti
    • 4
  1. 1.Programa de Pós-graduação em GeociênciasUniversidade Federal do Rio Grande do SulPorto AlegreBrazil
  2. 2.Instituto de GeociênciasUniversidade Federal da BahiaSalvadorBrazil
  3. 3.Faculdade de GeologiaUniversidade do Estado do Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  4. 4.Departamento de GeociênciasUniversidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa, UEPGPonta GrossaBrazil

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