International Journal of Earth Sciences

, Volume 102, Issue 8, pp 2199–2221 | Cite as

Complex basin evolution in the Gökova Gulf region: implications on the Late Cenozoic tectonics of southwest Turkey

  • Ömer Feyzi GürerEmail author
  • Ercan Sanğu
  • Muzaffer Özburan
  • Alper Gürbüz
  • Nuran Sarica-Filoreau
Original Paper


Southwestern Turkey experienced a transition from crustal shortening to extension during Late Cenozoic, and evidence of this was recorded in four distinct basin types in the Muğla–Gökova Gulf region. During the Oligocene–Early Miocene, the upper slices of the southerly moving Lycian Nappes turned into north-dipping normal faults due to the acceleration of gravity. The Kale–Tavas Basin developed as a piggyback basin along the fault plane on hanging wall blocks of these normal faults. During Middle Miocene, a shift had occurred from local extension to N–S compression/transpression, during which sediments in the Eskihisar–Tınaz Basins were deposited in pull-apart regions of the Menderes Massif cover units, where nappe slices were already eroded. During the Late Miocene–Pliocene, a hiatus occurred from previous compressional/transpressional tectonism along intermountain basins and Yatağan Basin fills were deposited on Menderes Massif, Lycian Nappes, and on top of Oligo–Miocene sediments. Plio-Quaternary marked the activation of N–S extension and the development of the E–W-trending Muğla–Gökova Grabens, co-genetic equivalents of which are common throughout western Anatolia. Thus, the tectonic evolution of the western Anotolia during late Cenozoic was shifting from compressional to extensional with a relaxation period, suggesting a non-uniform evolution.


Western Anatolia Piggyback basin Nappe emplacement Intermountain basin Compression Extension Transpression Neotectonic 



The study is supported by The Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK) (ÇAYDAG-108Y277). The authors are thankful to Dr. Efem ALTINOK and Dr. Aziz ÖZYAVAŞ for critical reading of the manuscript. The authors gratefully acknowledge the assistance of Mr. H. Tanzer AYDEMİR of the South Aegean Lignite Establishment (GELİ). Reviews of the manuscript by Dr. Ali Elmas and an anonymous reviewer are greatly appreciated. We thank Dr. Wolf-Christian Dullo for his constructive review and editorial comments.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ömer Feyzi Gürer
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ercan Sanğu
    • 1
  • Muzaffer Özburan
    • 2
  • Alper Gürbüz
    • 3
    • 4
  • Nuran Sarica-Filoreau
    • 5
  1. 1.Kocaeli Üniversitesi, Mühendislik Fakültesi, Jeoloji Mühendisliği BölümüKocaeliTurkey
  2. 2.Dumlupınar Üniversitesi, Mühendislik Fakültesi, Jeoloji Mühendisliği BölümüKütahyaTurkey
  3. 3.Ankara Üniversitesi, Mühendislik Fakültesi, Jeoloji Mühendisliği BölümüAnkaraTurkey
  4. 4.Niğde Üniversitesi, Mühendislik Fakültesi, Jeoloji Mühendisliği BölümüNiğdeTurkey
  5. 5.IstanbulTurkey

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