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International Journal of Earth Sciences

, Volume 102, Issue 4, pp 1069–1070 | Cite as

The 1256 AD Al Madinah historic eruption geosite as the youngest volcanic chain in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

  • M. R. Moufti
  • K. NémethEmail author
  • H. Murcia
  • J. M Lindsay
geosites

Keywords

Scoria Cone Fissure Eruption Eruptive Episode Lava Fountaining Volcanic Feature 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

Financial support to conduct volcanological researches and to identify important volcanic geosites in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is provided by the VORiSA (Volcanic Risk of Saudi Arabia) International Project. Suggestions by Journal reviewer Dr Victor E. Camp are greatly appreciated.

References

  1. Camp VE, Roobol MJ (1989) The Arabian Continental Alkali Basalt Province.1. Evolution Of Harrat-Rahat, Rahat, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Geol Soc Am Bull 101(1):71–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Camp VE, Hooper PR, Roobol MJ, White DL (1987) The Madinah eruption, Saudi Arabia: magma mixing and simultaneous extrusion of three basaltic chemical types. Bull Volcanol 49(2):489–508CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Camp VE, Roobol MJ, Hooper PR (1991) The Arabian Continental Alkali Basalt Province.2. Evolution of Harrats Khaybar, Ithnayn, and Kura, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Geol Soc Am Bull 103(3):363–391CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Camp VE, Roobol MJ, Hooper PR (1992) The Arabian Continental Alkali Basalt Province.3. Evolution of Harrat Kishb, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Geol Soc Am Bull 104(4):379–396CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Moufti MR, Moghazi AM, Ali KA (2012) 40Ar/39Ar geochronology of the Neogene-Quaternary Harrat Al-Madinah intercontinental Volcanic Field, Saudi Arabia: implications for duration and migration of volcanic activity. J Asian Earth Sci. doi:  10.1016/j.jseaes.2012.09.027

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. R. Moufti
    • 1
  • K. Németh
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • H. Murcia
    • 3
  • J. M Lindsay
    • 3
  1. 1.Geological Hazard Research Unit, Faculty of Earth SciencesKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahKingdom of Saudi Arabia
  2. 2.Volcanic Risk Solutions, CS-INRMassey UniversityPalmerston NorthNew Zealand
  3. 3.School of EnvironmentThe University of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand

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