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International Journal of Earth Sciences

, Volume 102, Issue 3, pp 831–855 | Cite as

Paleogeographic and geodynamic Miocene evolution of the Tunisian Tell (Numidian and Post-Numidian Successions): bearing with the Maghrebian Chain

  • Habib Belayouni
  • Francesco Guerrera
  • Manuel Martín-MartínEmail author
  • Francisco Serrano
Original Paper

Abstract

The Numidian and Post-Numidian stratigraphy of the Tunisian Tell has been updated based on 16 stratigraphic sections belonging to the Massylian sub-domain of the Maghrebian Flysch Basin and to the External Domain. The new data concern detailed litho- and biostratigraphy, gaps, synchronous marker levels, lateral correlations, tectonic contacts, etc. The successions studied show many diachronous and unconformity boundaries delimiting sedimentary depositional sequences related to some tectonic/sedimentary processes. Two main Miocene sedimentary successions (Numidian and Post-Numidian) are recognized overlying the Sub-Numidian Succession (pre-Early Aquitanian) by new integrated (planktonic foraminifera and calcareous nannoplankton) chronostratigraphic analyses, allowing an update of the formations studied. The Miocene tectonic/sedimentary relationships and the timing of the deformation are summarized as follows: (1) the activation of a foredeep stage and a tectogenesis phase gives rise to an accretionary orogenic wedge during mainly the Early Miocene; (2) a late-orogenic phase is checked in the Late Burdigalian-Early Langhian characterized by a marine glauconitic terrigenous sedimentation; (3) a post-orogenic generalized phase is confirmed from the Middle Miocene on in shallow marine or continental sedimentation. These results show good correlation along the Maghrebian Chain and Betic Cordillera. Finally, a paleogeographic and geodynamic evolutionary model concerning the Miocene African Tunisian Margin is postulated.

Keywords

Stratigraphy Maghrebian Flysch Basin Paleogeography Timing of deformation Miocene Northern Tunisian Tell 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Research supported by Urbino University funds (responsible F. Guerrera); by CGL2009-09249, CGL2011 30153 CO″ 02 and CGL2012-32169 research project (Spanish Ministry of Education and Science) and by Research Groups and projects of the Generalitat Valenciana from Alicante University (CTMA-IGA). The field data and the geological and stratigraphic results are from H.B., F.G., and M.M-M.; the biostratigraphy from F.S.; discussion and conclusions belong to all. Revisions from Dr. Thomas and two anonymous reviewers are acknowledged.

Supplementary material

531_2012_824_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (9 kb)
Annex I Paleogeographic and paleotectonic correlate nomenclature adopted in the literature for the Tunisian Tell. Supplementary material 1 (PDF 9 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Habib Belayouni
    • 1
  • Francesco Guerrera
    • 2
  • Manuel Martín-Martín
    • 3
    Email author
  • Francisco Serrano
    • 4
  1. 1.Département de GéologieUniversité de Tunis El Manar, Faculté des Sciences de Tunis, Campus UniversitaireTunis El ManarTunisia
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, della Vita e dell’AmbienteUniversità di Urbino “Carlo Bo”UrbinoItaly
  3. 3.Departamento de Ciencias de la Tierra y del Medio AmbienteUniviversidad de AlicanteAlicanteSpain
  4. 4.Departamento de Ecologia y GeologíaUniversidad de MálagaMalagaSpain

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