International Journal of Earth Sciences

, Volume 102, Issue 1, pp 305–318 | Cite as

Paleoenvironmental reconstruction of the Early to Middle Miocene Central Paratethys using stable isotopes from bryozoan skeletons

  • Marcus M. KeyJr.
  • Kamil Zágoršek
  • William P. Patterson
Original Paper

Abstract

Stable carbon and oxygen isotope values from single bryozoan colonies were used to reconstruct the paleoenvironments of the Early to Middle Miocene (Ottnangian to Badenian) sediments of the Central Paratethys. This approach utilizes a locally abundant allochem while avoiding matrix and multiple allochem contamination from bulk rock samples. Bryozoan colonies (and a few foraminifera and rock matrix samples) from 14 localities yielded 399 carbon and oxygen isotope values. Data from six of the localities (15 % of the total number of samples) were interpreted as having been diagenetically altered and were rejected. The remaining data indicate a primarily localized upwelling signal with lesser variation caused by global climatic and regional tectonic forcing of sea level, salinity, and temperature. Paleotemperatures were calculated to range from 12 to 21 °C. Despite potential taxonomic and diagenetic problems, bryozoan colonies are a powerful, underutilized source of paleoenvironmental carbon and oxygen isotope data.

Keywords

Miocene Bryozoa Stable isotopes Central Paratethys 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank the following people for assistance with this project. T. Prokopiuk (University of Saskatchewan) provided technical assistance at the Saskatchewan Isotope Laboratory. Helpful reviews by O. Mandic (Vienna Natural History Museum) and B. Berning (Biology Centre Linz) greatly improved this manuscript. This research was funded by the Grant Agency of Czech Republic (GAČR grant 205/09/0103 to KZ). Acknowledgment is also made to the donors of the American Chemical Society Petroleum Research Fund (PRF grant #38713-B8 to MMK) for the support of this research.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcus M. KeyJr.
    • 1
  • Kamil Zágoršek
    • 2
  • William P. Patterson
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Earth SciencesDickinson CollegeCarlisleUSA
  2. 2.Department of PaleontologyNational MuseumPrague 1Czech Republic
  3. 3.Department of Geological SciencesUniversity of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada

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