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The Middle-Pleistocene (~300 ka) Rodderberg maar-scoria cone volcanic complex (Bonn, Germany): eruptive history, geochemistry, and thermoluminescence dating

  • H. Paulick
  • C. Ewen
  • H. Blanchard
  • L. Zöller
Original Paper

Abstract

The Rodderberg volcanic complex (RVC) is located within the city limits of Bonn (Germany) approximately 20 km to the north of the Quaternary East Eifel Volcanic Field (EEVF). It is the product of intense phreatomagmatic volcanism forming a 90 m deep maar crater and strombolian eruptions. Deposit features indicate that the location of the vent(s) shifted from N to S during the strombolian phase. The erupted leucite-nephelinite magma (on the order of ca. 1 × 10−2 km3) was largely homogenous with minor, stratigraphically controlled, variation in olivine and clinopyroxene microphenocryst content. Stratigraphic evidence and thermoluminescence dating indicate that the RVC erupted during the glacial MIS 8 at around 300 ka. During this time, the EEVF experienced a transitional stage between two major phases of volcanic activity involving a change in magma sources. This is consistent with the RVC geochemical data which show affinities to both the older EEVF leucite-nephelinite association (430–380 ka) and the younger basanite association (<215 ka). In the Eifel, magma ascent through the upper crust is apparently linked to tectonic fractures. It may be speculated that a tectonically controlled diking event channeled magma to the north of the main EEVF and that the RVC represents an exceptional surficial expression of a significantly larger subsurface intrusion. This scenario would be consistent with recent observations of diking-related volcanism in the East African Rift zone and previously inferred models for magma ascent in similar intraplate volcanic fields.

Keywords

Quaternary volcanism Thermoluminescence Eifel volcanic field Geochemistry Maar Scoria Cone Tephra Geochronology 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Many of the ideas and data presented in this paper are results of two recent MSc theses completed at the University of Bonn (Blanchard 2002; Ewen 2005). HP wishes to express his appreciation for the permission to lead this contribution. R. Hoffbauer (University of Bonn) helped with XRF analyses and C.-D. Garbe-Schönberg (University of Kiel) provided the ICP-MS trace element analyses. M. Fischer assisted during the TL dating experiments at the University of Bayreuth. The authors acknowledge constructive discussions regarding the Rodderberg eruption with N. Froitzheim, C. Münker, I. Schmid, and H-U Schmincke. Careful reviews by K. Nemeth, S. Kutterolf, and J. White were helpful in order to improve the interpretation and the presentation of this paper.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Steinmann Institut für Geologie, Mineralogie und Paläontologie, Universität BonnBonnGermany
  2. 2.Geographisches Institut, Universität BonnBonnGermany
  3. 3.Lehrstuhl für Geomorphologie, Universität BayreuthBayreuthGermany

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