International Journal of Earth Sciences

, Volume 98, Issue 4, pp 915–930 | Cite as

Cyclostratigraphic dating in the Lower Badenian (Middle Miocene) of the Vienna Basin (Austria): the Baden-Sooss core

  • J. Hohenegger
  • S. Ćorić
  • M. Khatun
  • P. Pervesler
  • F. Rögl
  • C. Rupp
  • A. Selge
  • A. Uchman
  • M. Wagreich
Original Paper


The scientific borehole Baden-Sooss penetrates a succession of Badenian (Langhian, Middle Miocene) sediments at the type locality of the Badenian, the old brickyard Baden-Sooss in the Vienna Basin. The sedimentary succession of the 102-m-cored interval consists of more than 95% bioturbated, medium-to-dark gray marly shales with carbonate contents between 11 and 25% and organic carbon contents between 0.35 and 0.65%. Biostratigraphic investigations on foraminifera (mainly lower part of Upper Lagenid Zone) and calcareous nannoplankton (standard zone NN5) indicate an early Badenian (Langhian) age. Cycles in carbonate content, organic carbon content, and magnetic susceptibility have been identified by power spectra analysis. Correlations between the three variables are extremely significant. Using cross-correlation, periods around 40 m correlate significantly with the 100 kyr−1 eccentricity cycle, the ∼20 m periods with the obliquity cycle, and the 15 to 11-m periods with both precession cycles. Wavelet transformation and decomposition of composite periodic functions were used to obtain the position of the cycle peaks in the profile. Cross-correlation with orbital cycles (La2004) dates the Baden-Sooss core between −14.379 ± 1 and −14.142 my ± 9 kyr.


Cylcostratigraphy Middle Miocene Badenian Astronomical tuning 



The study was supported by the Austrian Science Fund (FWF, projects P13743-BIO, P 13740-GEO, P16793-B06, P 18203-N10), the Austrian Oriental Society Hammer-Purgstall, and the OAD, Austrian Exchange Service. We thank Robert Scholger (University Leoben) and Karl Stingl (University Vienna) for assistance and helpful discussions.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Hohenegger
    • 1
  • S. Ćorić
    • 2
  • M. Khatun
    • 3
  • P. Pervesler
    • 1
  • F. Rögl
    • 4
  • C. Rupp
    • 2
  • A. Selge
    • 5
  • A. Uchman
    • 6
  • M. Wagreich
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PalaeontologyUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria
  2. 2.Geological Survey of AustriaViennaAustria
  3. 3.Department of Geodynamics and SedimentologyUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria
  4. 4.Natural History Museum ViennaViennaAustria
  5. 5.Paleomagnetic Laboratory GamsInstitute of GeophysicsMU LeobenAustria
  6. 6.Institute of Geological SciencesJagiellonian UniversityKrakówPoland

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