International Journal of Earth Sciences

, Volume 94, Issue 3, pp 385–400 | Cite as

Tectonic evolution of a continental magmatic arc from transpression in the upper crust to exhumation of mid-crustal orogenic root recorded by episodically emplaced plutons: the Central Bohemian Plutonic Complex (Bohemian Massif)

  • Jiří Žák
  • František V. Holub
  • Kryštof Verner
Original paper


The Central Bohemian Plutonic Complex (CBPC) consists of episodically emplaced plutons, the internal fabrics of which recorded tectonic evolution of a continental magmatic arc. The ~354–350 Ma calc-alkaline plutons were emplaced by multiple processes into the upper-crustal Teplá-Barrandian Unit, and their magmatic fabrics recorded increments of regional transpression. Multiple fabrics of the younger, ~346 Ma Blatná pluton recorded both regional transpression and the onset of exhumation of mid-crustal orogenic root (Moldanubian Unit). Continuous exhumation-related deformation during pluton cooling resulted in the development of a wide zone of sub-solidus deformation along the SE margin of the CBPC. Finally, syn-exhumation tabular durbachitic pluton of ultrapotassic composition was emplaced atop the intrusive sequence at ~343–340 Ma, and the ultrapotassic Tábor pluton intruded after exhumation of the orogenic root (~337 Ma). We suggest that the emplacement of plutons during regional transpression in the upper crust produced thermally softened domain which then accommodated the exhumation of the mid-crustal orogenic root, and that the complex nature of the Teplá-Barrandian/Moldanubian boundary is a result of regional transpression in the upper crust, the enhancement of regional deformation in overlapping structural aureoles, the subsequent exhumation of the orogenic root domain, and post-emplacement brittle faulting.


Pluton emplacement Magmatic fabrics Magmatic arc Transpression Exhumation Moldanubian Zone Bohemian Massif 



Thorough reviews by Gérard Gleizes and one anonymous reviewer significantly helped to improve the manuscript and are gratefully acknowledged. We thank the Charles University Grant Agency (GAUK) and the Czech National Grant Agency (GAČR) for financial support. Financial support by the Grant No.230/2001/B-GEO/PrF of the Charles University Grant Agency (to K. Schulmann) and in part also by the Grant No. 205/02/0514 of the Czech National Grant Agency (to F. V. Holub) are gratefully acknowledged.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiří Žák
    • 1
    • 3
  • František V. Holub
    • 2
  • Kryštof Verner
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Geology and PaleontologyCharles UniversityPragueCzech Republic
  2. 2.Institute of Petrology and Structural GeologyCharles UniversityPragueCzech Republic
  3. 3.Czech Geological SurveyPragueCzech Republic

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