Multimedia Systems

, Volume 18, Issue 3, pp 251–262 | Cite as

Eliminating the effect of freezing frames on user perceptive by using a time interleaving technique

  • Hussein Muzahim AzizEmail author
  • Markus Fiedler
  • Håkan Grahn
  • Lars Lundberg
Regular Paper


Streaming video over a wireless network faces several challenges such as high packet error rates, bandwidth variations, and delays, which could have negative effects on the video streaming and the viewer will perceive a frozen picture for certain durations due to loss of frames. In this study, we propose a Time Interleaving Robust Streaming (TIRS) technique to significantly reduce the frozen video problem and provide a satisfactory quality for the mobile viewer. This is done by reordering the streaming video frames as groups of even and odd frames. The objective of streaming the video in this way is to avoid the losses of a sequence of neighbouring frames in case of a long sequence interruption. We evaluate our approach by using a user panel and mean opinion score (MOS) measurements; where the users observe three levels of frame losses. The results show that our technique significantly improves the smoothness of the video on the mobile device in the presence of frame losses, while the transmitted data are only increased by almost 9% (due to reduced time locality).


Streaming video Frozen pictures Interleaving Switching frames MOS 



We would like to thank the staff and students at Blekinge Institute of Technology, Sweden, for participating in the subjective experiments. We also would like to thank the Swedish Knowledge Foundation for sponsoring a part of this work through the project QoEMoS (21601420).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hussein Muzahim Aziz
    • 1
    Email author
  • Markus Fiedler
    • 1
  • Håkan Grahn
    • 1
  • Lars Lundberg
    • 1
  1. 1.School of ComputingBlekinge Institute of TechnologyKarlskronaSweden

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