Multimedia Systems

, Volume 16, Issue 6, pp 399–421 | Cite as

Sharing with people: a system for user-centric content sharing

  • Petros BelimpasakisEmail author
  • Anne Saaranen
Regular Paper


In this paper, we present the existing content sharing paradigms along with some advanced sharing use cases that are not feasible with the existing technologies. For satisfying these use cases, we propose a new system that allows content sharing in a totally user-centric manner, meaning that users can select the people they want to share their content with and just let the system handle all the lower level device, network bearer and content transfer technologies, which best fit each sharing occasion. The system feasibility is proved in two dimensions, firstly by a technical prototype implementation in a laboratory environment, and secondly via usability studies with non-expert users, for gathering their input and feedback on the interface and preferred interaction with such a system.


Content sharing User-centric Seamless sharing Content mobility 



The authors would like to thank Seamus Moloney, from Nokia Research Center (NRC), and Prof. Jarmo Harju, from Tampere University of Technology (TUT), for reviewing this paper and providing feedback on the presented work. Also, Aino Ahtinen and Juha-Pekka Luoma, from NRC, and Sari Kinnari, from TUT, for providing support and feedback to our user study.


  1. 1.
    Belimpasakis, P., Luoma, J-P., Borzsei, M.: Content sharing middleware for mobile devices. In: Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Mobile Wireless Middleware, Operating Systems, and Applications. Innsbruck, Austria, February (2008)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Belimpasakis, P., Stirbu, V.: Remote access to universal plug and play (UPnP) devices utilizing the atom publishing protocol. In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Networking and Services. Athens, Greece, June (2007)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Belimpasakis, P., Walsh, R.: User created content in the extended home. In: Proceedings of the 15th IST Mobile & Wireless Communication Summit, Myconos, Greece, June (2006)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chalfen, R. (1987) Snapshot Versions of Life, Bowling Green State University Popular Press, Bowling GreenGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Counts, S., Fellheimer, E.: Supporting social presence through lightweight photo sharing on and off the desktop. In: Proceedings of SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. Vienna, Austria, April (2004)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Davis, M.: Garage cinema and the future of media technology. Commun. ACM 40(2), 43–48 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Davis, M., Van House, N., Towle, J., King, S., Ahern, S., Burgener, C., Perkel, D., Finn, M., Viswanathan, V., Rothenberg, M.: MMM2: mobile media metadata for media sharing. In: CHI ’05 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems- Portland, Orlando, November (2005)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Dork, M., Nörnberger, A., Martín, J. V.: Atomique: a photo repository for decentralized and distributed photo sharing on the web. In: Proceedings of the 15th international Conference on Multimedia. Augsburg, Germany, September (2007)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Geist, M.: Mapping the digital future, OECD Organ Econ Coop Dev 254, 36–37 (2006)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Goland, Y., Whitehead, E., Faizi, A., Carter, S., Jensen, O.: HTTP Extensions for Distributed Authoring—WEBDAV, RFC 2518, IETF (1999)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gregorio, J., de hOra, B.: The Atom Publishing Protocol, RFC 5023, IETF (2007)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    IEEE Standard for Information technology-Telecommunications and information exchange between systems-local and metropolitan area networks-specific requirements—Part 11: Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications, IEEE Std 802 (2007)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Jacucci, G., Oulasvirta, A., Salovaara, A., Sarvas, R.: Supporting the shared experience of spectators through mobile group media. In: Proceedings of the 2005 international ACM SIGGROUP Conference on Supporting Group Work, Sanibel Island, Florida, November (2005)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kim, J.-T., Oh, Y.-J., Lee, H.-K., Paik, E.-H., Park, K.-R.: Implementation of the DLNA proxy system for sharing home media contents. IEEE Trans. Consumer Electron. 53(1):139–144 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Klyne, G., Reynolds, F., Woodrow, C., Ohto, H., Hjelm, J., Butler, M.H., Tran, L.: Composite Capability/Preference Profiles (CC/PP): Structure and Vocabularies 1.0, World Wide Web Consortium Recommendation (2004). [Online]:
  16. 16.
    Koskinen, I.: User-generated content in mobile multimedia: empirical evidence from user studies. In: Proceedings of the 2003 International Conference on Multimedia and Expo, Baltimore, Maryland, July (2003)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Korpipaa, P., Mantyjarvi, J., Kela, J., Keranen, H., Malm, E.J.: Managing context information in mobile devices. IEEE Pervasive Comput. 2(3): 42–51 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Lassila, O., Swick, R.: Resource Description Framework (RDF) Model and Syntax Specification, World Wide Web Consortium Recommendation (1999). [Online]:
  19. 19.
    Matuszewski, M., Beijar, N., Lehtinen, J., Hyyrylainen, T.: Understanding attitudes towards mobile peer-to-peer content sharing services. In: Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Portable Information Devices. Orlando, Florida, May (2007Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Miller, A.D., Edwards, W.K.: Give and take: a study of consumer photo-sharing culture and practice. In: Proceedings of the SIGCHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, San Jose, California, April (2007)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Nottingham, M., Sayre, R.: The Atom Syndication Format, RFC 4287, IETF (2005)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    UPnP Forum, UPnP AV Architecture:0.83 (2002)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    UPnP Forum, ContentDirectory:1 Service Template Version 1.01 (2002)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Van House, N.A.: Flickr and public image-sharing: distant closeness and photo exhibition. In: CHI ’07 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems. San Jose, California, June (2007)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
  26. 26.
    Roman, M., Islam, N., Shoaib, S.: A Wireless Web for Creating and Sharing Personal Content through Handsets. IEEE Pervasive Comput. 4(2), 67–73 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Sarvas, R., Viikari, M., Pesonen, J., Nevanlinna, H.: MobShare: controlled and immediate sharing of mobile images. In: Proceedings of the 12th Annual ACM International Conference on Multimedia. New York, October (2004)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Sharp, H., Rogers, Y., Preece, J.: Design, prototyping, and construction. In: Interaction Design: Beyond Human Computer Interaction, 2nd edn, pp 529–582. Wiley, London (2007) Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Sharp, H., Rogers, Y., Preece, J.: Usability testing and field studies. In: Interaction Design: Beyond Human Computer Interaction, 2nd edn, pp 645–683. Wiley, London (2007)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Wikman, J., Dosa, F.: Providing http access to web servers running on mobile phones, Technical report, Nokia Research Center (2006). [Online]:
  31. 31.
    3GPP, General Packet Radio Service (GPRS); Service description; Stage 2, Technical Specification, 3GPP TS 23.060 v7.6.0 (2007)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    3GPP, High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA); Overall description; Stage 2, Technical Specification, 3GPP TS 25.308 v8.0.0 (2008)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tampere LaboratoryNokia Research CenterTampereFinland
  2. 2.Services and Software UnitNokiaTampereFinland

Personalised recommendations