Multimedia Systems

, Volume 13, Issue 5–6, pp 331–344

On error-correcting fingerprinting codes for use with watermarking

Regular Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s00530-007-0096-7

Cite this article as:
Schaathun, H.G. Multimedia Systems (2008) 13: 331. doi:10.1007/s00530-007-0096-7


Digital fingerprinting has been suggested for copyright protection. Using a watermarking scheme, a fingerprint identifying the buyer is embedded in every copy sold. If an illegal copy appears, it can be traced back to the guilty user. By using collusion-secure codes, the fingerprinting system is made secure against cut-and-paste attacks. In this paper we study the interface between the collusion-secure fingerprinting codes and the underlying watermarking scheme, and we construct several codes which are both error-correcting and collusion-secure. Error-correction makes the system robust against successful attacks on the watermarking layer.


Collusion-secure fingerprinting Copyright protection Error-correcting codes Watermarking Soft-decision decoding 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ComputingUniversity of SurreyGuildfordEngland

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