Nonlinear degenerate elliptic equations and axially symmetric problems
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We consider semilinear elliptic equations with a principal part degenerating on a boundary hyperplane. Weak existence, uniqueness and regularity of solutions are established by variational methods and by reduction to uniformly elliptic equations. An important application arises in the mathematical treatment of the rotating star problem in general relativity, where the axial symmetry admits the reduction of one of the Einstein equations to a problem of the above form on a meridian half plane.
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