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A methodology for detecting relevant single nucleotide polymorphism in prostate cancer with multivariate adaptive regression splines and backpropagation artificial neural networks

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Abstract

The objective of the present paper is to model the genetic influence on prostate cancer with multivariate adaptive regression splines (MARS) and artificial neural networks (ANNs) techniques for classification. These models will be able to classify subjects that have cancer according to the values of the selected proteins from the genes selected with the models as most relevant. Subjects are selected as cases and controls from the MCC-Spain database and represent a heterogeneous group. Multivariate adaptive regression splines models allow to select a set of the most relevant proteins from the database. These models were trained in nine different degrees and chosen regarding its performance and complexity. Artificial neural networks models were trained on with data restricted to the most significant variables. The performance of both types of models was analyzed in terms of the area under the curve of the receiver operating characteristics curve. The ANN technique resulted in a model with AUC of 0.62006, while for MARS technique, the value was 0.569312 in the best situation. Then, the artificial neural network model obtained can determine whether a patient suffers prostate cancer significantly better than MARS models and with high rate of success. The best model presented was based on support vector machines, reaching values of AUC of 0.65212.

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Correspondence to Francisco Javier de Cos Juez.

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Sánchez Lasheras, J.E., González Donquiles, C., García Nieto, P.J. et al. A methodology for detecting relevant single nucleotide polymorphism in prostate cancer with multivariate adaptive regression splines and backpropagation artificial neural networks. Neural Comput & Applic 32, 1231–1238 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00521-018-3503-4

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Keywords

  • Artificial neural networks
  • Multivariate adaptive regression splines
  • Prostate cancer
  • Single nucleotide polymorphism