Modeling forces between the probe of atomic microscope and the scanning surface
- 64 Downloads
Atomic force microscope (AFM) is usually used to study the properties and surface structure of nanoscale materials. AFMs have three major abilities: force measurement, imaging, and manipulation. In the force measurement, AFM can be used to measure the forces between the probe and the sample as a function of their mutual separation. AFM compared to scanning electron microscope has a single image scan size; also the scanning speed of AFM is also a limitation. AFM images can also be affected by nonlinearity, hysteresis, creep of the piezoelectric material, and cross talk between the x, y, and z axes that may require software enhancement and filtering. Due to the nature of AFM probes, they cannot normally measure steep walls or overhangs in surface. In this study, the force between the Probe of Atomic Microscope and the surface is simulated by using force measurement ability of AFM and artificial neural network. The experimental data are used for training of artificial neural networks. The best model was found to be a feed-forward backpropagation network, with Logsig, Tansig and Tansig transfer functions in successive layers, respectively, and 3 and 2 neurons in the first and second hidden layers. According to the results, the proposed neural network is well capable of modeling the behavior of AFM probes in noncontact mode.
KeywordsArtificial neural network AFM MEMS Optimal design
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- 2.Yang Q (2007) Advanced controller design using neural networks for nonlinear dynamic systems with application to micro/nano robotics. University of Missouri–Rolla, MO, USAGoogle Scholar
- 5.Feynman RP, Leighton R, Sands M (1964) The Feynman lectures on physics, vol II. Addison Wesley, Boston, pp 8–10Google Scholar
- 11.DME SPM (2018) Atomic force microscope scanner (AFM) DS 95-50/DS 95-200 datasheet. Semilab Germany GmbH. http://www.dme-spm.com/ds95.html. Accessed 3 Jan 2018
- 12.Cowan GR, Douglass J, Holtzman A (1964) Explosive bonding. US patent office. US 3137937 AGoogle Scholar
- 13.Skoog DA, Leary JJ (1992) Principle of instrumental analysis. Saunders College Pub, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar