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Neural Computing and Applications

, Volume 31, Issue 4, pp 1083–1090 | Cite as

The effects of MHD and buoyancy on Hematite water-based fluid past a convectively heated stretching sheet

  • Tanzila HayatEmail author
  • S. Nadeem
Original Article

Abstract

In the present paper, we examined the buoyancy effects on MHD two-dimensional boundary layer flow in the presence of heat transfer of Hematite–water nanofluid over a stretching sheet. We consider Hematite as nanoparticle and water as its base liquid. The nonlinear coupled partial differential equations are transformed into the set of nonlinear ordinary differential equations utilizing suitable similarity transformations and are then solved analytically by optimal homotopy analysis method. The graphs are presented and discussed for different parameters of the velocity and temperature profiles. The values of skin friction and local Nusselt number for various parameters are presented graphically and also through tabulated form. It is anticipated from the graph that magnitude of rate of heat transfer enhances as we augmented the nanoparticle volume fraction. Moreover, it is observed that magnitude of rate of heat transfer declines with the augmentation of Eckert number.

Keywords

Nanofluid Hematite Convective boundary condition Stretching sheet MHD 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© The Natural Computing Applications Forum 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of MathematicsQuaid-I-Azam University 45320IslamabadPakistan

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