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Neural Computing and Applications

, Volume 31, Issue 1, pp 189–197 | Cite as

Analysis of magnetic properties of nanoparticles due to applied magnetic dipole in aqueous medium with momentum slip condition

  • A. Majeed
  • A. ZeeshanEmail author
  • T. Hayat
Original Article

Abstract

This article examines the boundary layer flow of magnetic nanofluid over a stretching surface with velocity slip condition. Water is selected as a base liquid whereas ferromagnetic, paramagnetic, diamagnetic, anti-ferromagnetic, and ferrimagnetic are chosen as nanoparticles. The use of magnetic nanoparticle is to control the flow and heat transfer process via external magnetic field. The governing partial differential equations are transformed into highly nonlinear ordinary differential equations. Numerical solution of the resulting problem is obtained. Effect of emerging physical parameters on velocity, temperature, skin friction coefficient, and Nusselt number are explained graphically. We observe that diamagnetic case has gained maximum thermal conductivity as compared with the other ones. Furthermore, skin friction coefficient increases with the variation of β and K1, and opposite interpretation is noted for Nusselt number.

Keywords

Ferromagnetic Paramagnetic Diamagnetic Anti-ferromagnetic Ferrimagnetic nanoparticles Thermal conductivity Porous medium Slip flow 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© The Natural Computing Applications Forum 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mathematics and Statistics, FBASInternational Islamic UniversityIslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.Department of MathematicsQuaid-e-Azam UniversityIslamabadPakistan
  3. 3.Nonlinear Analysis and Applied Mathematics (NAAM) Research Group, Department of Mathematics, Faculty of ScienceKing Abdulaziz UniversityJeddahSaudi Arabia

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