Neural Computing and Applications

, Volume 30, Issue 3, pp 891–904 | Cite as

Fault analysis in TCSC-compensated lines using wavelets and a PNN

  • E. Reyes-ArchundiaEmail author
  • J. L. Guardado
  • J. A. Gutiérrez-Gnecchi
  • E. L. Moreno-Goytia
  • N. F. Guerrero-Rodriguez
Original Article


This paper describes an algorithm to detect, localize and classify fault events in overhead transmission lines compensated with a thyristor-controlled series capacitor (TCSC). During a fault event, a complex pattern of traveling wave reflections and refractions is generated at the point of fault inception. The proposed algorithm uses the discrete wavelet transform combined with a probabilistic neural network to analyze all this information and determine whether a fault condition exists in the line, the fault type and also the fault distance. In order to assess the algorithm performance, several studies were carried out under varied conditions. The obtained results demonstrate that the algorithm accuracy for calculating the fault distance is smaller than 1% of the total line length, and a 100% efficiency for determining the fault type. The algorithm is also immune to harmonic interaction due to low-frequency harmonics generated by the TCSC. A comparative advantage over previous algorithms for TCSC-compensated transmission lines is the fact that the proposed algorithm not only identifies the faulted line section but also localizes accurately the distance to the fault, using only measurements at one end of the line.


Fault localization Discrete wavelet transform Traveling waves Probabilistic neural network Thyristor-controlled series capacitor 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© The Natural Computing Applications Forum 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto Tecnologico de MoreliaMoreliaMexico
  2. 2.Pontificia Universidad Católica Madre y Maestra PUCMMSanto DomingoDominican Republic

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