Neural Computing and Applications

, Volume 18, Issue 7, pp 689–706 | Cite as

A joint investigation of misclassification treatments and imbalanced datasets on neural network performance

  • Jyh-shyan Lan
  • Victor L. Berardi
  • B. Eddy Patuwo
  • Michael Hu
Original Article


Two important factors that impact a classification model’s performance are imbalanced data and unequal misclassification cost consequences. These are especially important considerations for neural network models developed to estimate the posterior probabilities of group membership used in classification decisions. This paper explores the issues of asymmetric misclassification costs and unbalanced group sizes on neural network classification performance using an artificial data approach that is capable of generating more complex datasets than used in prior studies and which adds new insights to the problem and the results. A different performance measure, that is capable of directly measuring classification performance consistency with Bayes decision rule, is used. The results show that both asymmetric misclassification costs and imbalanced group sizes have significant effects on neural network classification performance both independently and via interaction effects. These are not always intuitive; they supplement prior findings, and raise issues for the future.


Artificial intelligence Neural network Decision analysis Bayesian classification Imbalanced datasets Misclassification costs 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jyh-shyan Lan
    • 1
  • Victor L. Berardi
    • 2
    • 3
  • B. Eddy Patuwo
    • 2
  • Michael Hu
    • 2
  1. 1.Providence UniversityTaichungTaiwan
  2. 2.Graduate School of ManagementKent State UniversityKentUSA
  3. 3.CantonUSA

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