Supportive Care in Cancer

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 204–216 | Cite as

Respiratory problems in advanced cancer

  • Carla Ripamonti
  • Flavio Fusco
Review Article


Respiratory problems are an important issue in the palliative care setting, not only from a diagnostic and therapeutic point of view but also from emotion-related aspects involving both the patients and their families and also caregivers. In this paper we consider some of the most common respiratory problems, such as dyspnea, infections, hemoptysis, hiccup. A review of the literature was performed with reference to the frequency, diagnosis and management of the above respiratory problems in patients in advanced and terminal stages of the disease. Particular emphasis was given to the importance of communication with the patients and their families, which is considered a crucial point in the care and the cure of such patients.

Dyspnea Hiccup Hemoptysis Infections Advanced cancer 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carla Ripamonti
    • 1
  • Flavio Fusco
    • 2
  1. 1.Rehabilitation and Palliative Care Operative Unit, National Cancer Institute of Milan, ItalyItaly
  2. 2.Palliative Care for Oncological Patients, Azienda Unita' Sanitaria Locale (AUSL) 3, Genoa, ItalyItaly

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