Supportive Care in Cancer

, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 102–109 | Cite as

A multidimensional measure of religious involvement for cancer patients: the Duke Religious Index

  • A.C. Sherman
  • T.G. Plante
  • S. Simonton
  • D.C. Adams
  • C. Harbison
  • S.K. Burris
ORIGINAL ARTICLE

Abstract

 Despite increasing interest in the relationship between religious involvement and health outcomes for cancer patients, research has been limited by the lack of appropriate measures. Few of the many instruments available are well suited to cancer patients. The current study examined the psychometric properties of one recently developed measure, the Duke Religious Index (DRI), which assesses several aspects of religious involvement. The DRI was evaluated in two distinct samples: 104 cancer patients receiving treatment at a bone marrow transplantation program and 175 gynecology clinic patients. The instrument demonstrated good internal consistency (coefficient alphas 0.87–0.94). Moderate to high correlations with other measures of religiosity provided support for convergent validity. Modest relationships with other measures commonly used in psychosocial oncology (e.g., optimism, social support, purpose in life) indicated that the instrument provides unique information (all rs's <0. 42). Small relationships with social desirability response bias, negative affect, and relationship cohesion further supported the divergent validity of the instrument (all rs's <0.22). The DRI was significantly associated with demographic characteristics but not with medical variables. Findings support the value of the DRI for use in oncology settings.

Key words Religious involvement Bone marrow transplantation Assessment Reliability Validity 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • A.C. Sherman
    • 1
  • T.G. Plante
    • 2
  • S. Simonton
    • 1
  • D.C. Adams
    • 1
  • C. Harbison
    • 3
  • S.K. Burris
    • 3
  1. 1.Behavioral Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, 4301 West Markham, Slot 756, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA e-mail: ShermanAllenC@exchange.uams.edu Fax: +1-501-686-8700US
  2. 2.Department of Psychology, Santa Clara University and Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, 500 El Camino Real, Santa Clara, CA 95053, USAUS
  3. 3.Department of Psychology, University of Arkansas at Little Rock, 2801 S. University, Little Rock, AR 72204, USAUS

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