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Supportive Care in Cancer

, Volume 22, Issue 2, pp 331–337 | Cite as

Suicide ideation in stomach cancer survivors and possible risk factors

  • Ye-Ni Choi
  • Young-Ae Kim
  • Young Ho Yun
  • Sung Kim
  • Jae-Moon Bae
  • Young-Woo Kim
  • Keun Won Ryu
  • Jun Ho Lee
  • Jae-Hyung Noh
  • Tae-Sung Sohn
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

Although the suicide rate of cancer survivors is higher than that of the general population, few studies have examined the potential risk factors. We assessed suicide ideation (SI) and investigated its correlates among survivors of stomach cancer, which is one of the most prevalent cancers in Korea.

Methods

We surveyed 378 stage I–III stomach cancer survivors who had been disease free for at least 1 year. The survey contained demographic questions and quality of life assessments from the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QLQ-C30 and its stomach cancer-specific module, the McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire, the Brief Fatigue Inventory, and one question from the Beck Depression Inventory.

Results

We found that 131/378 stomach cancer survivors (34.7 %) experienced SI. Univariate analyses showed that SI was significantly associated with income, comorbidity, smoking, and the following quality of life factors: general health status, emotional functioning, fatigue, nausea/vomiting, dyspnea, appetite loss, constipation, diarrhea, financial problems, eating restriction, anxiety, dry mouth, trouble belching, hair loss, body image, existential well-being, and social support. Multivariate logistic regression confirmed that SI was independently associated with diarrhea (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 2.84; 95 % confidence interval (CI) 1.44–5.62), hair loss (aOR 2.77; 95 % CI 1.04–7.36), existential well-being (aOR 6.18; 95 % CI 2.91–13.1), and usual fatigue (aOR 2.29; 95 % CI 1.30–4.06).

Conclusion

Our findings reveal a high prevalence of SI among stomach cancer survivors and identify health-related quality of life issues such as diarrhea, hair loss, existential well-being, and fatigue as important risk factors of SI.

Keywords

Stomach cancer survivors Suicide ideation Correlates Risk factors Quality of life 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the National Cancer Center grants 0410150 and 1010081.

Conflict of interest

None disclosed.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ye-Ni Choi
    • 2
  • Young-Ae Kim
    • 3
  • Young Ho Yun
    • 1
    • 2
  • Sung Kim
    • 4
  • Jae-Moon Bae
    • 4
  • Young-Woo Kim
    • 3
  • Keun Won Ryu
    • 3
  • Jun Ho Lee
    • 3
  • Jae-Hyung Noh
    • 4
  • Tae-Sung Sohn
    • 4
  1. 1.Cancer Research InstituteSeoul National University HospitalSeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of Biomedical Science, College of MedicineSeoul National UniversitySeoulSouth Korea
  3. 3.Research Institute and HospitalNational Cancer CenterGoyangSouth Korea
  4. 4.Department of Surgery, Samsung Medical CenterSungkyunkwan UniversitySeoulSouth Korea

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