Supportive Care in Cancer

, Volume 22, Issue 2, pp 315–324

Citation analysis of Canadian psycho-oncology and supportive care researchers

  • Thomas F. Hack
  • Dauna Crooks
  • James Plohman
  • Emma Kepron
Original Article



The purpose of this study was to conduct a historical review of psycho-oncology and supportive care research in Canada using citation analysis and to review the clinical impact of the research conducted by the most highly cited researchers.


The lifetime journal publication records of 109 psycho-oncology and supportive care researchers in Canada were subject to citation analysis using the Scopus database, based on citations since 1996 of articles deemed relevant to psychosocial oncology and supportive care, excluding self-citations. Three primary types of analysis were performed for each individual: the number of citations for each journal publication, a summative citation count of all published articles, and the Scopus h-index.


The top 20 psycho-oncology/supportive care researchers for each of five citation categories are presented: the number of citations for all publications; the number of citations for first-authored publications; the most highly cited first-authored publications; the Scopus h-index for all publications; and the Scopus h-index for first-authored publications. The three most highly cited Canadian psycho-oncology researchers are Dr. Kerry Courneya (University of Alberta), Dr. Lesley Degner, (University of Manitoba), and Dr. Harvey Chochinov (University of Manitoba).


Citation analysis is useful for examining the research performance of psycho-oncology and supportive care researchers and identifying leaders among them.


Citation analysis h-index Scopus Psychosocial Cancer Oncology 


  1. 1.
    Hirsch JE (2005) An index to quantify an individual’s scientific research output. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102(46):16569–16572. doi:10.1073/pnas.0507655102 PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lehmann S, Jackson AD, Lautrup BE (2006) Measure for measures. Nature 444(7122):1003–1004. doi:10.1038/4441003a PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hirsch JE (2007) Does the h index have predictive power? Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104(49):19193–19198. doi:10.1073/pnas.0707962104 PubMedCrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hack TF, Crooks D, Plohman J, Kepron E (2010) Research citation analysis of nursing academics in Canada: identifying success indicators. J Adv Nurs 66(11):2542–2549. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2010.05429.x PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Thompson DR, Watson R (2010) Guest editorial: h-indices and the performance of professors of nursing in the UK. J Clin Nurs 19:2597–2958. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2702.2010.03267.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hunt GE, Cleary M, Jackson D, Watson R, Thompson DR (2011) Editorial: citation analysis—focus on leading Australian nurse authors. J Clin Nurs 20:3273–3275. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2702.2011.03917.x PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Healy NA, Glynn RW, Scutaru C, Groneberg D, Kerin MJ, Sweeney KJ (2011) The h index and the identification of global benchmarks for breast cancer research output. Breast Cancer Res Tr 127:845–851. doi:10.1007/s10549-011-1436-z CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Fitch MI (2008) Supportive care framework. Can Oncol Nurs J 18(1):6–24PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Degner LF, Kristjanson LJ, Bowman D, Sloan JA, Carriere KC, O’Neil J, Bilodeau B, Watson P, Mueller B (1997) Information needs and decisional preferences in women with breast cancer. J Amer Med Assoc 270(18):1485–1492. doi:10.1001/jama.1997.03540420081039 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Degner LF, Sloan JA (1992) Decision making during serious illness: what role do patients really want to play? J Clin Epidemiol 45(9):941–950. doi:10.1016/0895-4356(92)90110-9 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Goodwin PJ, Leszcz M, Ennis M, Koopmans J, Vincent L, Guther H, Drysdale E, Hundleby M, Chochinov HM, Navarro M, Speca M, Masterson J, Dohan L, Sela R, Warren B, Paterson A, Pritchard KI, Arnold A, Doll R, O′Reilly SE, Quirt G, Hood N, Hunter J (2001) The effect of group psychosocial support on survival in metastatic breast cancer. New Engl J Med 345(24):1719–1726. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa011871 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chochinov H, Wilson KG, Enns M, Mowchun N, Lander S, Levitt M, Clinch JJ (1995) Desire for death in the terminally ill. Am J Psychiat 152(8):1185–1191. doi:10.1016/S1470-2045(11)70153-X PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Speca M, Carlson LE, Goodey E, Angen M (2000) A randomized, wait-list controlled clinical trial: the effect of a mindfulness meditation-based stress reduction program on mood symptoms of stress in cancer outpatients. Psychosom Med 62(5):613–622PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Segal R, Evans W, Johnson D, Smith J, Colletta S, Gayton J, Woodard S, Wells G, Reid R (2001) Structured exercise improves physical functioning in women with stages I and II breast cancer: results of a randomized controlled trial. J Clin Oncol 19(3):657–665PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Courneya KS, Mackey JR, Bell GJ, Jones LW, Field CJ, Fairey AS (2003) Randomized controlled trial of exercise training in postmenopausal breast cancer survivors: cardiopulmonary and quality of life outcomes. J Clin Oncol 21(9):1660–1668. doi:10.1200/JCO.2003.04.093 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sutherland HJ, Llewellyn-Thomas HA, Lockwood GA, Tritchler DL, Till JE (1989) Cancer patients: their desire for information and participation in treatment decisions. J Roy Soc Med 82(5):260–263PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Segal RJ, Reid RD, Courneya KS, Malone SC, Parliament MB, Scott G, Venner PM, Quinney HA, Jones LW, D'Angelo MES, Wells GA (2003) Resistance exercise in men receiving androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer. J Clin Oncol 21(9):1653–1659. doi:10.1200/JCO.2003.09.534 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Chochinov HM, Wilson KG, Enns M, Lander S (1997) ‘Are you depressed?’ Screening for depression in the terminally ill. Am J Psychiat 154(5):674–676PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Maunsell E, Brisson J, Deschenes L (1993) Arm problems and psychological distress after surgery for breast cancer. Can J Surg 36(4):315–320PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    McNeely ML, Campbell KL, Rowe B, Klassen TP, Mackey JR, Courneya KS (2006) Effects of exercise on breast cancer patients and survivors: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Can Med Assoc J 175(1):34–41. doi:10.1503/cmaj.051073 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Cohen SR, Mount BM, Strobel MG, Bui F (1995) The McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire: a measure of quality of life appropriate for people with advanced disease. A preliminary study of validity and acceptability. Palliat Med 9(3):207–219. doi:10.1177/026921639500900306 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Hack TF, Degner LF, Dyck DG (1994) Relationship between preferences for decisional control and illness information among women with breast cancer: a quantitative and qualitative analysis. Soc Sci Med 39(2):279–289. doi:10.1016/0277-9536(94)90336-0 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Degner LF, Sloan JA, The VP, Scale CP (1997) Can. J Nurs Res 29(3):21–43Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Dorval M, Maunsell E, Deschênes L, Brisson J, Mâsse B (1998) Long-term quality of life after breast cancer: comparison of 8-year survivors with population controls. J Clin Oncol 16(2):487–494PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Irvine D, Brown B, Crooks D, Roberts J, Browne G (1991) Psychosocial adjustment in women with breast cancer. Cancer 67(4):1097–1117. doi:10.1002/1097-0142(19910215) PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Cohen SR, Mount BM, Bruera E, Provost M, Rowe J, Tong K (1997) Validity of the McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire in the palliative care setting: a multi-centre Canadian study demonstrating the importance of the existential domain. Palliat Med 11(1):3–20. doi:10.1177/026921639701100102 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Hack TF, Cohen L, Katz J, Robson LS, Goss P (1999) Physical and psychological morbidity after axillary lymph node dissection for breast cancer. J Clin Oncol 17(1):143–149PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Degner LF, Sloan JA (1995) Symptom distress in newly diagnosed ambulatory cancer patients and as a predictor of survival in lung cancer. J Pain Symptom Manag 10(6):423–431. doi:10.1016/0885-3924(95)00056-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Carlson LE, Speca M, Patel KD, Goodey E (2003) Mindfulness-based stress reduction in relation to quality of life, mood, symptoms of stress, and immune parameters in breast and prostate cancer outpatients. Psychosom Med 65(4):571–581. doi:10.1097/01.PSY.0000074003.35911.41 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Ashbury FD, Findlay H, Reynolds B, McKerracher K (1998) A Canadian survey of cancer patients’ experiences: are their needs being met? J Pain Symptom Manag 16(5):298–306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Egan MY, McEwen S, Sikora L, Chasen M, Fitch M, Eldred S (2013) Rehabilitation following cancer treatment. Disabil Rehabil Advance online publication. doi:10.3109/09638288.2013.774441 Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Velthuis MJ, Agasi-Idenburg SC, Aufdemkampe G, Wittink HM (2010) The effect of physical exercise on cancer-related fatigue during cancer treatment: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Clin Oncol 22:208–221. doi:10.1016/j.clon.2009.12.005 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Howell, D., Keller-Olaman, S., Oliver, T. K., Hack, T., Broadfield, L., Biggs, K., Chung, J., Esplen, M. J., Gravelle, D., Green, E., Hamel, M., Harth, T., Johnston, P., McLeod, M., Swinton, N., Syme, A., & Olson, K. (February, 2011). A Pan-Canadian practice guideline: screening, assessment and care of cancer-related fatigue in adults with cancer. Toronto: Canadian Partnership Against Cancer (Cancer Journey Advisory Group) and the Canadian Association of Psychosocial Oncology.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas F. Hack
    • 1
    • 2
  • Dauna Crooks
    • 1
  • James Plohman
    • 1
  • Emma Kepron
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of NursingUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada
  2. 2.Asper Clinical Research Institute/St. Boniface Research CentreWinnipegCanada

Personalised recommendations