Supportive Care in Cancer

, Volume 21, Issue 11, pp 3031–3037 | Cite as

Palliative and oncologic co-management: symptom management for outpatients with cancer

  • Kara Bischoff
  • Vivian Weinberg
  • Michael W. Rabow
Original Article



Although outpatient palliative care clinics are increasingly common, evidence for their efficacy remains limited.


We conducted an observational study at the palliative care clinic of an academic cancer center to assess the association between palliative care co-management and symptoms and quality of life. Two hundred sixty-six adult outpatients were seen for a minimum of two palliative care visits within 120 days. A subset of 142 patients was seen for a third visit within 240 days. Patients completed a questionnaire containing validated symptom, quality of life, and spiritual wellbeing questions at each visit.


The first follow-up visit was on average 41 days after the initial visit; the second follow-up visit was on average 81 days after the initial visit. Between the initial and first follow-up visits, there was significant improvement in pain (p < 0.001), fatigue (p < 0.001), depression (p < 0.001), anxiety (p < 0.001), quality of life (p = 0.002), and spiritual wellbeing (p < 0.001), but not nausea (p = 0.14). For the subset of patients seen for a second follow-up visit, the improvements in pain, fatigue, depression, anxiety, quality of life, and spiritual wellbeing persisted (p ≤ 0.005 for trend of each symptom). Patients had similar improvement regardless of their gender, age, ethnicity, disease stage, disease progression, and concurrent oncologic treatments.


Palliative care was associated with significant improvement in nearly all the symptoms evaluated. A sustained change in symptoms was observed in the subset of patients seen for a second follow-up visit. Members of all subgroups improved.


Palliative care Symptom management Cancer Outpatient Ambulatory care 



The authors were funded by the University of California at San Francisco, which had no role in the design, conduct, analysis, or publishing of this study.

Conflict of interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to report.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kara Bischoff
    • 1
  • Vivian Weinberg
    • 2
  • Michael W. Rabow
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of MedicineUniversity of California, San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, Biostatistics CoreUniversity of California, San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  3. 3.Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of MedicineUniversity of California, San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA

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