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Supportive Care in Cancer

, Volume 21, Issue 6, pp 1605–1612 | Cite as

Patterns of physical activity participation across the cancer trajectory in colorectal cancer survivors

  • Jae Youn Chung
  • Dong Hoon Lee
  • Ji-Hye Park
  • Mi Kyung Lee
  • Dong-Woo Kang
  • Jihee Min
  • Dong-Il Kim
  • Duck Hyoun Jeong
  • Nam Kyu Kim
  • Jeffrey A. Meyerhardt
  • Lee W. Jones
  • Justin Y. JeonEmail author
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of the present study was to explore the participation in physical activity (PA) by colorectal cancer survivors across cancer trajectories and based on selected demographic and medical variables.

Methods

A total of 431 participants were surveyed individually at the Shinchon Severance Hospital, Seoul, Korea, to determine their PA levels before diagnosis, during treatment and after completion of cancer treatment.

Results

Percentage of survivors meeting American College of Sports Medicine guideline significantly reduced from 27 % before diagnosis to 10 % during treatment due to reduced strenuous intensity PA (28.8 ± 106.2 vs 11.8 ± 95.9 min, p = 0.042), while total PA and mild intensity PA did not change. Total (187.2 ± 257.7 vs. 282.6 ± 282.0 min, p < 0.001) and mild (99.1 ± 191.5 vs. 175.1 ± 231.2 min, p < 0.001) intensity PA significantly increased after the completion of treatments compared with their PA level before diagnosis. Further analyses showed that age (more vs. equal or less than 60 years) and chemotherapy (chemotherapy vs. no chemotherapy) significantly influenced the level of physical activity (p = 0.004). Survivors who were older or received chemotherapy increased their total PA and mild intensity PA after the completion of treatment more than those who did not receive chemotherapy.

Conclusions

The level and the pattern of physical activity by colorectal cancer survivors differed across cancer trajectories, which were significantly influenced by age and adjuvant chemotherapy.

Keywords

Physical activity Exercise Cancer trajectory Colorectal cancer 

Notes

Research support

The current study was supported by the national research foundation of Korea (NRF)(No.2011-0004892) and the National R & D program for Cancer Control, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Republic of Korea (No.1120230).

Conflict of interest

The authors have declared no conflicts of interest. The authors have full control of all primary data and that we agree to allow the journal to review the data if required.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jae Youn Chung
    • 1
  • Dong Hoon Lee
    • 1
  • Ji-Hye Park
    • 1
  • Mi Kyung Lee
    • 1
  • Dong-Woo Kang
    • 1
  • Jihee Min
    • 1
  • Dong-Il Kim
    • 1
  • Duck Hyoun Jeong
    • 2
  • Nam Kyu Kim
    • 2
  • Jeffrey A. Meyerhardt
    • 3
  • Lee W. Jones
    • 4
  • Justin Y. Jeon
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Sport and Leisure StudiesYonsei UniversitySeoulKorea
  2. 2.Department of Surgery, Yonsei University College of MedicineYonsei UniversitySeoulKorea
  3. 3.Department of Medical OncologyDana Farber Cancer InstituteBostonUSA
  4. 4.Duke Cancer InstituteDurhamUSA

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