Advertisement

Supportive Care in Cancer

, Volume 20, Issue 8, pp 1709–1717 | Cite as

Physical activity preferences in a population-based sample of kidney cancer survivors

  • Linda Trinh
  • Ronald C. Plotnikoff
  • Ryan E. Rhodes
  • Scott North
  • Kerry S. Courneya
Original Article

Abstract

Purpose

Physical activity (PA) improves quality of life in kidney cancer survivors (KCS), but PA participation rates are low. Behavior change interventions to increase PA in KCS should take into account PA preferences. The purpose of this study was to identify the PA preferences of KCS and determine any associations with selected demographic and medical variables.

Methods

All 1,985 KCS diagnosed between 1996 and 2010 identified through a Canadian provincial registry in Alberta, Canada were mailed a survey that consisted of the Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire and various PA preference variables. Standard demographic and medical variables were also collected.

Results

Completed surveys were received from 703 of 1,654 (43%) eligible KCS. Over 80% of KCS felt they were able or may be able to participate in a PA program designed for KCS and over 70% were interested or may be interested in doing so. The most common PA preferences were to receive PA information from a fitness expert at a cancer center (55.7%), receive information via print material (50.0%), start a PA program after treatment (36.5%), exercise with a spouse (39.6%), exercise at home (52.0%), do moderate-intensity PA (58.4%), and walk in both the summer (69.4%) and winter (48.2%). Chi-square analyses uncovered that age, sex, and current PA were the personal variables most consistently associated with PA preferences.

Conclusion

The majority of KCS expressed an interest in doing a PA program and important preferences were identified. These preferences may be used to inform PA interventions to enhance motivation and adherence in KCS.

Keywords

Exercise Motivation Adherence Cancer patients Lifestyle 

Notes

Acknowledgments

LT is supported by a Full-Time Health Research Studentship from Alberta Innovates—Health Solutions. RCP is supported by the Applied Public Health Chair Program of the Canadian Institutes for Health Research. RER is supported by a New Investigator Award from the Canadian Institutes for Health Research. KSC is supported by the Canada Research Chairs Program. We thank Carol Russell and Lorraine Cormier from the Alberta Cancer Registry for their assistance in conducting this study.

References

  1. 1.
    Canadian Cancer Society’s Steering Committee on Cancer Statistics (2011) Canadian cancer statistics 2011. Canadian Cancer Society, TorontoGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Courneya KS, Friedenreich CM (2007) Physical activity and cancer control. Semin Oncol Nurs 23:242–252PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Trinh L, Plotnikoff RC, Rhodes RE, North S, Courneya KS (2011) Associations between physical activity and quality of life in a population-based sample of kidney cancer survivors. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. doi: 10.1158/1055-9965
  4. 4.
    Latimer A, Brawley L, Bassett R (2010) A systematic review of three approaches for constructing physical activity messages: what messages work and what improvements are needed? Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-7-36
  5. 5.
    Karvinen KH, Courneya KS, Plotnikoff RC, Spence JC, Venner PM, North S (2009) A prospective study of the determinants of exercise in bladder cancer survivors using the theory of planned behavior. Support Care Cancer 17:171–179PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rogers LQ, Malone J, Rao K, Courneya KS, Fogleman A, Tippey A et al (2009) Exercise preferences among patients with head and neck cancer: prevalence and associations with quality of life, symptom severity, depression, and rural residence. Head Neck 31:994–1005PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Rogers LQ, Markwell SJ, Verhulst S, McAuley E, Courneya KS (2009) Rural breast cancer survivors: exercise preferences and their determinants. Psychooncology 18:412–421PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Whitehead S, Lavelle K (2009) Older breast cancer survivors’ views and preferences for physical activity. Qual Health Res 19:894–906PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Vallance JKH, Courneya KS, Jones LW, Reiman T (2006) Exercise preferences among a population-based sample of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma survivors. Eur J Cancer Care 15:34–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Karvinen KH, Courneya KS, Campbell KL, Pearcey RG, Dundas G, Capstick V et al (2006) Exercise preferences of endometrial cancer survivors: a population-based study. Cancer Nurs 29:259–265PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Jones LW, Guill B, Keir ST, Carter K, Friedman HS, Bigner DD et al (2007) Exercise interest and preferences among patients diagnosed with primary brain cancer. Support Care Cancer 15:47–55PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Jones LW, Courneya KS (2002) Exercise counseling and programming preferences of cancer survivors. Cancer Pract 10:208–215PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gjerset GM, Fosså SD, Courneya KS, Skovlund E, Jacobsen AB, Thorsen L (2011) Interest and preferences for exercise counselling and programming among Norwegian cancer survivors. Eur J Cancer Care 20:96–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Demark-Wahnefried W, Peterson B, McBride C, Lipkus I, Clipp E (2000) Current health behaviors and readiness to pursue life-style changes among men and women diagnosed with early stage prostate and breast carcinomas. Cancer 88:674–684PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Stevinson C, Capstick V, Schepansky A, Tonkin K, Vallance JK, Ladha AB et al (2009) Physical activity preferences of ovarian cancer survivors. Psychooncology 18:422–428PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bélanger LJ, Plotnikoff RC, Clark A, Courneya KS (2011) A survey of physical activity programming and counseling preferences in young adult cancer survivors. Cancer Nurs. doi: 10.1097/NCC.0b013e318210220a
  17. 17.
    Karvinen KH, Courneya KS, Venner P, North S (2007) Exercise programming and counseling preferences in bladder cancer survivors: a population-based study. J Cancer Surviv 1:27–34PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Dillman DA (2000) Mail and Internet surveys: the tailored design method. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Godin G, Shephard RJ (1985) A simple method to assess exercise behavior in the community. Can J Appl Sport Sci 10:141–146PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Pereira MA, FitzerGerald SJ, Gregg EW, Joswiak ML, Ryan WJ, Suminski RR et al (1997) A collection of physical activity questionnaires for health-related research. Med Sci Sports Exerc 29:S1–S205PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    US Department of Health and Human Services (USDHHS) (2008) 2008 physical activity guidelines for Americans. USDHHS, WashingtonGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    American Cancer Society (2010) Cancer facts & figures 2010. American Cancer Society, AtlantaGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Doyle C, Kushi LH, Byers T, Courneya KS, Demark-Wahnefried W, Grant B et al (2006) Nutrition and physical activity during and after cancer treatment: an American Cancer Society guide for informed choices. CA Cancer J Clin 56:323–353PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    American College of Sports Medicine (2007) ACSM/ACS Certified Cancer Exercise Trainer (CET). Available at http://www.acsm.org/AM/Template.cfm?Section=ACSM_ACS_Certified_Cancer_Exercise_Trainer. Accessed 28 February 2011
  25. 25.
    Vallance JK, Courneya KS, Plotnikoff R, Mackay JR (2007) Randomized controlled trial of the effects of print materials and step pedometers on physical activity and quality of life in breast cancer survivors. J Clin Oncol 25:2352–2359PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Cress ME, Buchner DM, Prohaska T, Rimmer J, Brown M, Macera C et al (2006) Best practices for physical activity programs and behavior counseling in older adult populations. Eur Rev Aging Phys Act 3:34–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Sasidharan V, Payne L, Orsega-Smith E, Godbey G (2006) Older adults’ physical activity participation and perceptions of wellbeing: examining the role of social support for leisure. Manag Leis 11:164–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Eyler AA, Brownson RC, Bacak SJ, Housemann RA (2005) The epidemiology of walking for physical activity in the United States. Med Sci Sports Exerc 35:1529–1536CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Brown DS, Finkelstein EA, Brown DR, Buchner DM, Johnson FR (2009) Estimating older adults’ preferences for walking programs via conjoint analysis. Am J Prev Med 36:201–207PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Vrazel J, Saunders RP, Wilcox S (2008) An overview and proposed framework of social–environmental influences on the physical activity behavior of women. Am J Health Promot 23:2–12PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Courneya KS, Karvinen KH, Vallance JKH (2007) Exercise motivation and behavior change. In: Feuerstein M (ed) Handbook of cancer survivorship. Springer, New York, pp 113–132CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    McNeely M, Courneya K (2010) Exercise programs for cancer-related fatigue: evidence and clinical guidelines. J Natl Compr Canc Netw 8:945–953PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Rogers LQ, Hopkins-Price P, Vicari S, Pamenter R, Courneya KS, Markwell S et al (2009) A randomized trial to increase physical activity in breast cancer survivors. Med Sci Sports Exerc 41:935–946PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Courneya KS (2010) Efficacy, effectiveness, and behavior change trials in exercise research. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-7-81

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Linda Trinh
    • 1
  • Ronald C. Plotnikoff
    • 2
    • 3
  • Ryan E. Rhodes
    • 4
  • Scott North
    • 5
  • Kerry S. Courneya
    • 6
  1. 1.Faculty of Physical Education and RecreationUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada
  2. 2.School of EducationThe University of NewcastleCallaghanAustralia
  3. 3.Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, and School of Public HealthUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada
  4. 4.Behavioral Medicine Laboratory, Faculty of EducationUniversity of VictoriaVictoriaCanada
  5. 5.Department of MedicineCross Cancer InstituteEdmontonCanada
  6. 6.Behavioral Medicine Laboratory, P320B Van Vliet Centre, Faculty of Physical Education and RecreationUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada

Personalised recommendations