Physical activity preferences in a population-based sample of kidney cancer survivors
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Physical activity (PA) improves quality of life in kidney cancer survivors (KCS), but PA participation rates are low. Behavior change interventions to increase PA in KCS should take into account PA preferences. The purpose of this study was to identify the PA preferences of KCS and determine any associations with selected demographic and medical variables.
All 1,985 KCS diagnosed between 1996 and 2010 identified through a Canadian provincial registry in Alberta, Canada were mailed a survey that consisted of the Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire and various PA preference variables. Standard demographic and medical variables were also collected.
Completed surveys were received from 703 of 1,654 (43%) eligible KCS. Over 80% of KCS felt they were able or may be able to participate in a PA program designed for KCS and over 70% were interested or may be interested in doing so. The most common PA preferences were to receive PA information from a fitness expert at a cancer center (55.7%), receive information via print material (50.0%), start a PA program after treatment (36.5%), exercise with a spouse (39.6%), exercise at home (52.0%), do moderate-intensity PA (58.4%), and walk in both the summer (69.4%) and winter (48.2%). Chi-square analyses uncovered that age, sex, and current PA were the personal variables most consistently associated with PA preferences.
The majority of KCS expressed an interest in doing a PA program and important preferences were identified. These preferences may be used to inform PA interventions to enhance motivation and adherence in KCS.
KeywordsExercise Motivation Adherence Cancer patients Lifestyle
LT is supported by a Full-Time Health Research Studentship from Alberta Innovates—Health Solutions. RCP is supported by the Applied Public Health Chair Program of the Canadian Institutes for Health Research. RER is supported by a New Investigator Award from the Canadian Institutes for Health Research. KSC is supported by the Canada Research Chairs Program. We thank Carol Russell and Lorraine Cormier from the Alberta Cancer Registry for their assistance in conducting this study.
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