Performance of a modified MASCC index score for identifying low-risk febrile neutropenic cancer patients
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Goals of work
This is a prospective and observational study comparing the efficacy of risk-assessment models in patients with neutropenic fever in a reference treatment center. The meaning of the complex infection was evaluated.
Materials and methods
Patients were recruited throughout a 9-month period. Inclusion criteria were histologic diagnosis of malignancy, neutropenic febrile secondary to chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy (absolute neutrophil count of <500/µl and axillary temperature ≥38°C), and ≥18 years of age.
Fifty-three febrile neutropenic patients were included. Twenty one of them were classified as low risk by the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer (MASCC) risk-index score. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV) and accuracy of the MASCC risk-index scores were, respectively 87.9, 85.0, 90.6, 80.9, and 86.8%. None of the low-risk patients died, but four patients classified as low risk by the MASCC model developed serious medical complications during febrile neutropenic episodes. When we subtracted patients with complex infections from the group of patients with the MASCC risk-index score of ≥21, we got 15 patients that were classified as low risk by a proposed adjustment by complex infection (PACI) model. None of them developed serious medical complications. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and the accuracy of this new model were, respectively, 100, 75.0, 86.8, 100, and 90.6%.
The MASCC risk-index score had high sensitivity and specificity to predict the absence of complications, but the PACI model was better than MASCC for predicting the absence of complications in this febrile neutropenic patients.
KeywordsNeutropenic fever Infections Fever Neutropenia
We are indebted to all members of the Departments of Medical Oncology and Internal Hematology of the Felicio Rocho Hospital.
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