Self-reported taste and smell changes during cancer chemotherapy
- 1k Downloads
This study explores the prevalence of self-reported taste and smell changes (TSCs) during chemotherapy and relationships between TSCs and demographic and clinical factors.
Materials and methods
Consecutive patients who had received chemotherapy for ≥6 weeks at 11 outpatient chemotherapy units completed a questionnaire developed for this survey.
Seventy-five percent of the 518 participants reported TSCs, with TSCs more prevalent among women and younger patients. After adjustment for age and sex, we found that patients reporting TSCs more often reported: previous smell changes, less responsibility for cooking, concurrent medication, higher educational levels, and being on sick leave. Participants reporting oral problems, nausea, appetite loss, and depressed mood more frequently reported TSCs. Diagnosis and type of chemotherapy regimen did not predict TSCs.
TSCs were found to be common during cancer chemotherapy and were related to sociodemographic rather than clinical factors. TSCs were also found to be closely related to many other side effects of chemotherapy.
KeywordsAntineoplastic agents Olfaction Taste Signs and symptoms Survey
We thank the following agencies for economic support: the Swedish Health Care Sciences Postgraduate School, Karolinska Institutet (BMB), the Swedish Research Council (CT), and the Cancer & Traffic Injury Fund (project support). The authors also thank statisticians Hemming Johansson and Sara Runesdotter for their advice and support.
- 2.Bernhardson BM, Tishelman C, Rutqvist LE (2007) Chemosensory changes experienced by patients undergoing cancer chemotherapy: a qualitative interview study. J Pain Symptom Manage (in press).Google Scholar
- 5.Cameron B, Quested Evans (2003) A matter of taste: the experience of chemotherapy related taste changes. Aust J Cancer Nursing 4(1):3–9Google Scholar
- 9.Duffy V, Fast K, Lucchina L, Bartoshuk L (2002) Oral sensation and cancer. In: Berger A, Portenoy R, Weissman D (eds) Principles and practice of palliative care and supportive oncology. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia, pp 178–193Google Scholar
- 12.Frasnelli JTH (2004) Olfactory dysfunction and daily life. Eur Arch Oto-Rhino-Laryngol Hand Neck 265(3):231–235Google Scholar
- 31.Thorne S, O’Flynn-Magee K (2004) The analytic challenge in interpretive description. Int J Qual Methods 3(1):1–21Google Scholar