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Supportive Care in Cancer

, Volume 11, Issue 10, pp 623–628 | Cite as

Effects of endurance training on the physical performance of patients with hematological malignancies during chemotherapy

  • Fernando Dimeo
  • Stefan Schwartz
  • Thomas Fietz
  • Tabata Wanjura
  • Dieter Böning
  • Eckhard Thiel
Review Article

Abstract

Fatigue and impaired physical performance are common and sometimes serious problems of cancer patients during and after treatment. To avoid fatigue, cancer patients are often advised to rest and downregulate their daily activities. However, these recommendations can cause paradoxical results. Since inactivity induces muscular wasting, prolonged rest can result in further loss of endurance. Recent studies suggest that exercise, as well as behavioral and some psychosocial interventions, may reduce fatigue and improve the performance status of cancer patients. In this paper, we review interventions proposed for the treatment of cancer-related fatigue and present the results of a study about the effects of exercise on the physical performance of patients with hematological malignancies. Sixty-six inpatients (34 men, 32 women) undergoing conventional (n=45) or high-dose chemotherapy with stem cell rescue (n=21) for the treatment of a hematological malignancy exercised daily on a treadmill. Physical performance was assessed on admission and once a week during hospitalization (30±10 days, range 10–49). Physical performance remained unchanged in a submaximal standard stress test (on admission: 5.5±1.4 km/h; midhospitalization: 5.3±1.3 km/h; at discharge: 5.5±1.3 km/h; p=0.60) despite chemotherapy and its related complications. A significant decrease in the mean hemoglobin concentration (from 10.3±2.0 g/dl on admission to 9.6±1.2 g/dl at discharge; p=0.03). We conclude that a daily endurance-training program reduces the treatment-related loss of physical performance in patients with hematological malignancies undergoing chemotherapy.

Keywords

Cancer Fatigue Exercise Rehabilitation Chemotherapy Hematological neoplasia 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fernando Dimeo
    • 1
  • Stefan Schwartz
    • 2
  • Thomas Fietz
    • 2
  • Tabata Wanjura
    • 1
  • Dieter Böning
    • 1
  • Eckhard Thiel
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Sports MedicineCharité University Medical CenterGermany
  2. 2.Department of Hematology and OncologyCharité University Medical CenterBerlinGermany

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