Indicators of smartphone addiction and stress score in university students

  • Șerban Gligor
  • Ioana MozoșEmail author
original article


Smartphone addiction is one of the most common non-drug addictions, accompanied by negative effects, such as depression, anxiety, self-disclosure, impaired academic performance, family life and human relationships. The aim of the present study was to assess the prevalence of a predisposition to smartphone use disorder in university students and to investigate the associations between the intensity of mobile phone use and several variables. A total of 150 students, from 2 universities from Timisoara, were included in the study. Students were requested to answer two questionnaires: Mobile Phone Dependence Questionnaire (MPDQ) and International Stress Management Association Questionnaire (ISMA). The study revealed a relative high number of students with a predisposition to smartphone use disorder, with significant correlations between indicators of smartphone addiction and stress scores. Also, significant correlations were obtained between MPDQ scores and students age, period of mobile phone use and ISMA


Questionnaire Mobile phone use Prevalence Stress Youth 


Compliance with ethical guidelines

Conflict of interest

Ș. Gligor and I. Mozoș declare that they have no competing interests.

Ethical standards

Informed consent was obtained from all patients before being included in the study.


  1. 1.
    Toda M, Monden K, Kubo K, Morimoto K. Mobile phone dependence and health-related lifestyle of university students. Soc Behav Pers. 2006;34(10):1277–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Goswami V, Singh DR. Impact of mobile phone addiction on adolescent’s life: a literature review. Int J Home Sci. 2016;2(1):69–74.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Aljomaa SS, Al Qudah MF, Albursan IS, Bakhiet SF. Smartphone addiction among university students in the light of some variables. Comput Hum Behav. 2016;61:155–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Dudău DP, Sfeatcu IR, Funieru C, Dumitrache MA. Professional stress in relation to anxiety, depression and irrational beliefs among dental and psychotherapy students. Procedia Soc Behav Sci. 2015;187:158–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Fares J, Saadeddin Z, Al Tabosh H, Aridi H, El Mouhayyar C, Koleilat MK, et al. Extracurricular activities associated with stress and burnout in preclinical medical students. J Epidemiol Glob Health. 2016;6:177–85.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bodys-Cupak I, Majda A, Zalewska-Puchala J, Kaminska A. The impact of a sense of self-efficacy on the level of stress and the ways of coping with difficult situations in Polish nursing students. Nurse Educ Today. 2016;45:102–7.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bugaj TJ, Cranz A, Junne F, Erschens R, Herzog W, Nikendei C. Psychosocial burden in medical students and specific prevention strategies. Ment Health Prev. 2016;4:24–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    International Stress Management Association UK (2017) Accessed December 30th 2017
  9. 9.
    Technostress BC. The human cost of the computer revolution. Reading: Addison-Wesley Publishing Co; 1984.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Cagan Ö, Ünsal A, Celik N. Evaluation of college students’ the level of addiction to cellular phone and investigation on the relationsship between the addiction and the level of depression. Procedia Soc Behav Sci. 2014;114:831–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Koivusilta L, Lintonen T, Rimpelä A. Mobile phone use has not replaced smoking in adolescence. BMJ. 2003;326:161.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Koivusilta L, Lintonen T, Rimpelä A. Intensity of mobile phone use and health compromising behaviors: how is information and communication technology connected to health-related lifestyle in adolescence? J Adolesc. 2005;28:35–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Forgays DK, Hyman I, Schreiber J. Texting everywhere for everything: gender and age differences in cell phone etiquette and use. Comput Hum Behav. 2014;31:314–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Walsh SP, White KM, Over-connected YRM. A qualitative exploration of the relationship between Australian youth and their mobile phones. J Adolesc. 2008;31:77–92.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Brown K, Anderson-Johnson P, McPherson AN. Academic-related stress among graduate students in nursing in a Jamaican school of nursing. Nurse Educ Pract. 2016;20:117–24.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Billieux J, Van der Linden M, D’Acremont M, Ceschi G, Zermatten A. Does impulsivity relate to perceived dependence on and actual use of the mobile phone? Appl Cogn Psychol. 2007;21:527–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Walsh SP, White KM, Cox S, Young R. Keeping in constant touch: the predictors of young Australians’ mobile phone involvement. Comput Hum Behav. 2011;27(1):333–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Hong FY, Chiu S‑I, Huang D‑H. A model of the relationship between psychological characteristics, mobile phone addiction and use of mobile phones by Taiwanese university female students. Comput Hum Behav. 2012;28:2152–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Choliz M. Mobile-phone addiction in adolescence: the Test of Mobile Phone Dependence (TMD). Prog Health Sci. 2012;2(1):33–44.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Szpakow A, Stryzhak A, Prokopowicz W. Evaluation of threat of mobile phone—addition among Belarusian University students. Prog Health Sci. 2011;1(2):96–101.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Dixit S, Shuka H, Bhagwat AK, Bindal A, Goyal A, Zaidi AK, et al. A study to evaluate mobile phone dependence among students of a medical college and associated hospital of central India. Indian J Community Med. 2010;35(2):339–41.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Alzahem AM, Van der Molen HT, De Boer BJ. Effectiveness of a dental students stress management program. Health Prof Educ. 2015;1:34–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Physical Education and SportWest University of TimișoaraTimișoaraRomania
  2. 2.Department of Functional Sciences“Victor Babeș” University of Medicine and PharmacyTimișoaraRomania

Personalised recommendations