Wiener klinische Wochenschrift

, Volume 129, Issue 13–14, pp 464–471 | Cite as

Media use, sports activities, and motor fitness in childhood and adolescence

  • Sebastian Kaiser-Jovy
  • Anja Scheu
  • Klaus GreierEmail author
original article



Physical activity is one of the key determinants of physical, mental, and social health of children and adolescents. Therefore, the early development of health-relevant behavior patterns is of high relevance.


To examine the impact of selected socioeconomic factors as well as media consumption, on sports activities and the motor skills of 10- to 14-year-old secondary school students.


Body height and body weight were measured. The motor skills were determined with the Deutschen Motorik Test (DMT 6‑18; German Motor Test). Information about media use, media equipment, recreational sports activities, migration status, and the parents’ profession was collected by means of a standardized questionnaire.


A total of 391 adolescents have been tested (male 235; female 156). Body mass index (BMI) types are evenly distributed on gender. On a weekday, the pupils spend 10.3 h using media (SD ± 9.1 h). On weekends, media use increases up to 12 h per day on average (SD ± 9.7 h). The number of available media is independent from the age of the respondents and the social status of their families. According to bivariate correlations, heavy media use, a high BMI as well as migration status correlate negatively with both sports activities and motor skills. BMI seems to have the strongest influence on athletic performance (b = 0.41).


Media use is an important determinant of juvenile sports activity and motor performance, being part of a complex juvenile leisure behavior.


Media use Sports activities Motor fitness Behavior patterns Childhood Adolescence 


Conflict of interest

S. Kaiser-Jovy, A. Scheu, and K. Greier declare that they have no competing interests.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sebastian Kaiser-Jovy
    • 1
  • Anja Scheu
    • 2
  • Klaus Greier
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Faculty for Economics and EngineeringHeilbronn University, Campus Künzelsau – Reinhold-Würth-HochschuleHeilbronnGermany
  2. 2.Institute for Sports ScienceJohannes Gutenberg University MainzMainzGermany
  3. 3.Institute for Sports ScienceLeopold-Franzens-University InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria
  4. 4.Physical Education and SportsUniversity College of Education Stams – KPH-ESStams/TirolAustria

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