Lyme borreliosis in 2005, 30 years after initial observations in Lyme Connecticut
- Cite this article as:
- Steere, A. Wien Klin Wochenschr (2006) 118: 625. doi:10.1007/s00508-006-0687-x
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Nearly 100 years ago, Afzelius described a patient with an expanding skin lesion, called erythema migrans , which is now known to be the initial skin manifestation of Lyme borreliosis. Approximately 70 years later, in 1976, epidemiologic evaluation of a cluster of children with arthritis in Lyme, Connecticut  led to a complete description of the infection . During the subsequent years, investigators in a number of countries have made remarkable strides in the elucidation of this tick-borne spirochetal infection. The purpose of this review is to discuss the current status of Lyme borreliosis, including areas in which knowledge of the infection is still incomplete.