Clean development mechanism: a way to sustainable waste management in developing countries?

  • Maarten Alexander Siebel
  • Vera Susanne Rotter
  • Agnes Nabende
  • Joyeeta Gupta
Originalarbeit

Abstract

The Clean Development Mechanism established under the Kyoto Protocol allows investors in the developed world to invest in the developing world in return for emission credits. The CDM has two goals—to contribute to the reduction of emissions in the developed countries, and to promote sustainable development in the developing country. The objective of this paper is to analyze the project portfolio of 400 published CDM projects in the sector “waste handling and disposal” according to their project and technology characteristics.

Der „Clean Development Mechanism“ – Der Weg zu einer nachhaltigen Abfallwirtschaft in Entwicklungsländern?

Zusammenfassung

Der unter dem Kyoto-Protokoll etablierten Mechanismus für umweltverträgliche Entwicklung („Clean Development Mechanism“) erlaubt Geldanlegern aus den Industrieländern, die in Entwicklungsländer investieren, als Gegenleistung Emissionsgutschriften zu erhalten. Der CDM verfolgt dabei zwei Hauptziele – zur Emissionsreduktion in den Industrieländern beizutragen und die nachhaltige Entwicklung in den Entwicklungsländern zu fördern. In diesem Beitrag werden die 400 im CDM-Projektportfolio veröffentlichten Projekte im Bereich „Abfallbehandlung und -beseitigung“ gründlich auf Basis ihren inhaltlichen und technologischen Merkmale hin analysiert.

References

  1. Blewett, M (2010): Waste and Climate Change: a Critical Review of Clean Development Mechanism Landfill Gas Projects, Master’s Thesis Technische Universität Wien, Vienna.Google Scholar
  2. Bogner, Jean, Riitta Pipatti, Seiji Hashimoto, Cristobal Diaz, Katarina Mareckova, Luis Diaz, Peter Kjeldsen, Suvi Monni, Andre Faaij, Qingxian Gao, Tianzhu Zhang, Mohammed Abdelrafie Ahmed, R.T.M. Sutamihardja, Robert Gregory (2008): Mitigation of global greenhouse gas emissions from waste: conclusions and strategies from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Fourth Assessment Report. Working Group III (Mitigation).Google Scholar
  3. Bogner, J., M. Abdelrafie Ahmed, C. Diaz, A. Faaij, Q. Gao, S. Hashimoto, K. Mareckova, R. Pipatti, T. Zhang, Waste Management, In Climate Change (2007): Mitigation. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [B. Metz, O.R. Davidson, P.R. Bosch, R. Dave, L.A. Meyer (eds)], Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY, USA.Google Scholar
  4. Cosbey, A., Parry, J., Browne, J., Babu, Y., Bhandari, P., Drexhage, J., and Murphy, D. (2005): Realizing the development dividend: Making the CDM work for developing countries, International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD).Google Scholar
  5. Gupta, J., H. Asselt and P.V Beukering (2007): Pilot projects in the Climate Change Regime and Sustainable development, Institute for Environmental Studies Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  6. Klundert, A., and J. Anschutz (1999): Integrated Sustainable Waste Management: The Selection of Appropriate Technologies and The Design of Sustainable Systems is not (only) a Technical Issue, 13–15.Google Scholar
  7. Miller, S. (2004): Economic Growth in Eighteenth Century France: A Review of the Evidence with Regard to Languedoc.Google Scholar
  8. Pearson, B. (2006): Market failure: why the Clean Development Mechanism won’t promote clean development, JoCP, 2006, 1–6.Google Scholar
  9. Pitchel (2005): Waste Management Practicies—Municipal, Hazardous, and Industrial, Taylor & Francis Group.Google Scholar
  10. Rotter, V.S., Dewi, O.C., Maaskant, W., Siebel, M.A. (2009): Reducing GHG-emissions in the waste sector—cdm or recycling? Proceedings Twelfth International Waste management and Landfill Symposium, October 5–9, 2009.Google Scholar
  11. Sterk. W, and Wittneben, B. (2006): Enhancing the clean development mechanism through sectoral approaches definitions, applications and ways forward, Int’l Env. Agreements, Politics, Law and Economics, 6, 271–287.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Stokoe, J. and E. Teague (1995): Integrate Solid Waste management for rural areas: a planning tool kit for solid waste managers.Google Scholar
  13. Sutter, C. and Parreño, J.C. (2005): In Climate or Development? Hamburg Institute of International Economics, Hamburg, Germany.Google Scholar
  14. Sutter, C., and J. Parreño (2007): Does the current CDM deliver its sustainable development claim? An analysis of officially registered CDM projects: Climatic Change, v. 84.Google Scholar
  15. Tchobanoglous, G. and Kreith, F. (2002): Handbook of Solid Waste Management 2nd edition, Mc Graw Hill Publishers.Google Scholar
  16. UNFCCC, http://cdm.unfccc.int/Projects/Validation, Accessed on 11/12/2009.Google Scholar
  17. UNEP (1996): International Source Book on Environmentally sound technologies for municipal solid waste management. International Environmental Technology Centre, Technical Publications Series 6.UNEP.Google Scholar
  18. University of Guelph (1999): Cleaner Production and Consumption in Eastern and Southern Africa, Challenges and Opportunities, Harare, Weaver Press.Google Scholar
  19. USEPA (2002): What is Integrated Solid Waste Management? www.epa.gov/globalwarming, Accessed on 17/10/2009.Google Scholar
  20. Brunner, P. H., Fellner, J. (2007): Setting priorities for waste management strategies in developing countries., volume 25: 234–240.Google Scholar
  21. Plöchl, C., Wetzer, W. and Ragoßnig A. (2008): Clean development mechanism: an incentive for waste management projects? Waste Management and Research volume 26: 104–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maarten Alexander Siebel
    • 1
  • Vera Susanne Rotter
    • 2
  • Agnes Nabende
    • 1
  • Joyeeta Gupta
    • 1
  1. 1.UNESCO-IHEDelftNetherlands
  2. 2.Fachgebiet Abfallwirtschaft, Institut für Technischen UmweltschutzTechnische Universität BerlinBerlinGermany

Personalised recommendations