# Non-parametric news impact curve: a variational approach

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## Abstract

In this paper, we propose an innovative algorithm for modelling the news impact curve. The news impact curve provides a nonlinear relation between past returns and current volatility and thus enables to forecast volatility. Our news impact curve is the solution of a dynamic optimization problem based on variational calculus. Consequently, it is a non-parametric and smooth curve. The technique we propose is directly inspired from noise removal techniques in signal theory. To our knowledge, this is the first time that such a method is used for volatility modelling. Applications on simulated heteroskedastic processes as well as on financial data show a better accuracy in estimation and forecast for this approach than for standard parametric (symmetric or asymmetric ARCH) or non-parametric (Kernel-ARCH) econometric techniques.

## Keywords

Volatility modelling News impact curve Calculus of variations Wavelet theory ARCH## Notes

### Acknowledgements

This work was achieved through the Laboratory of Excellence on Financial Regulation (Labex ReFi) supported by PRES heSam under the reference ANR10LABX0095. It benefited from a French government support managed by the National Research Agency (ANR) within the project Investissements d’Avenir Paris Nouveaux Mondes (investments for the future Paris New Worlds) under the reference ANR11IDEX000602.

### Compliance with ethical standards

### Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

### Human and animal rights

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

## Supplementary material

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