Partial discharge pattern analysis using multi-class support vector machine to estimate cavity size and position in solid insulation

  • B. VigneshwaranEmail author
  • M. Willjuice Iruthayarajan
  • R. V. Maheswari
Methodologies and Application


Partial discharge (PD) measurement is used for a diagnosis and performance assessment of the solid insulation material inside the high-voltage (HV) equipment. PD measurement indicates the presence of voids, cracks and imperfection present in solid insulation material. The major problem associated with this measured PD signal is heavily contaminated by noise which results in reduction in PD pattern recognition. The objective of this work is to measure and de-noise the PD signal due to cavity and recognize two different size of cavities present in three different locations, namely near HV electrode, center and lower electrode. In first part, the measured PD signal is de-noised using translation invariant wavelet transform. In second part, the three-dimensional (φqn) PD patterns are extracted from the de-noised PD data. Then, it is subjected to canny edge detection technique, and the features like horizontal and vertical fractal dimension averages are evaluated using fractal image compression-based semi-variance technique. For classification, multi-class nonlinear support vector machine has been proposed to classify position and size of the cavity based on the PD fingerprints. The findings of this proposed work can be used to design a solid basis for an recognition of cavity size and position in an electrical apparatus.


Partial discharge signal de-noising Pattern recognition Support vector machine Fractal image compression techniques Three-dimensional (φqn) PRPD pattern 



This work is financially supported by the Department of Science and Technology—fund for improvement of S&T infrastructure in universities and higher educational institutions (DST-FIST) Grant ID (SR/FST/College-061/2017) and also the authors are grateful to the management of the National Engineering College, Kovilpatti, Tamilnadu, India.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Vigneshwaran
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. Willjuice Iruthayarajan
    • 1
  • R. V. Maheswari
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Electronics EngineeringNational Engineering CollegeKovilpattiIndia

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