Hierarchical granular hotspots detection
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We present a hierarchical model based on the extended fuzzy C-means (EFCM) clustering algorithm to develop a granular view of hotspots on a geographic map. The objective is to establish an overview of the spatial distribution of a phenomenon when the relevant data are partitioned into different datasets. The EFCM algorithm is applied to each dataset to detect local hotspots, represented as circles, on the map. The local hotspots constitute information granules at lower level of abstraction in the model. A weighted EFCM algorithm is then applied to a dataset formed by the centers of all the local hotspots to extract circular prototypes, defined as global hotspots, which constitute information granules at the higher level, and hence, they deliver a global overview of the spatial distribution of the phenomenon on the map. Two indices related to the essential criteria of the principle of justifiable granularity are used. The results demonstrate that the most justifiable overview is obtained by using the radius of the local hotspot as weight. Comparisons with a hierarchical model based on FCM algorithm show that our algorithm gives a better granular view of the phenomenon with respect to the latter.
KeywordsHotspot EFCM wEFCM Information granule
This research was performed under the auspices of GCNS-INDAM. No specific grant from funding agencies or economic supports in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors was received during this research.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.
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