Soft Computing

, Volume 21, Issue 16, pp 4531–4542 | Cite as

Analysis of power consumption in heterogeneous virtual machine environments

  • Catalin Negru
  • Mariana Mocanu
  • Valentin Cristea
  • Stelios Sotiriadis
  • Nik Bessis


Reduction of energy consumption in Cloud computing datacenters today is a hot a research topic, as these consume large amounts of energy. Furthermore, most of the energy is used inefficiently because of the improper usage of computational resources such as CPU, storage and network. A good balance between the computing resources and performed workload is mandatory. In the context of data-intensive applications, a significant portion of energy is consumed just to keep alive virtual machines or to move data around without performing useful computation. Moreover, heterogeneity of resources increases the difficulty degree, when trying to achieve energy efficiency. Power consumption optimization requires identification of those inefficiencies in the underlying system and applications. Based on the relation between server load and energy consumption, we study the efficiency of data-intensive applications, and the penalties, in terms of power consumption, that are introduced by different degrees of heterogeneity of the virtual machines characteristics in a cluster.


Cloud computing Energy-efficiency Virtualization  Data intensive-applications 



The work has been funded by the projects: DataWay: Real-time Data Processing Platform for Smart Cities: Making sense of Big Data, PN-II-RU-TE-2014-4-2731; CyberWater grant of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research, CNDI-UEFISCDI, project number 47/2012.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors of this paper Catalin Negru, Mariana Mocanu, Valentin Cristea, Stelios Sotiriadis and Nik Bessis declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and animal rights

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Catalin Negru
    • 1
  • Mariana Mocanu
    • 1
  • Valentin Cristea
    • 1
  • Stelios Sotiriadis
    • 2
  • Nik Bessis
    • 3
  1. 1.Computer Science and Engineering DepartmentUniversity “Politehnica” of BucharestBucharestRomania
  2. 2.The Edward Rogers Sr. Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Department of ComputingEdge Hill UniversityOrmskirkUK

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