The loculus content and tapetum during pollen development in Lilium
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The ratio of loculus volume to the volume of the entire anther began to increase from the microspore mother cell stage and reached 32.3% at anthesis. The content of the loculus was examined in Lilium during pollen development and two waves could be distinguished. From the premeiotic stage until the vacuolated microspore stage, the loculus consisted of neutral polysaccharides, pectins and proteins. These substances originated from tapetal activity from the premeiotic stage until the young microspore stage. Dictyosomes and rough endoplasmic reticulum seemed to be involved in tapetal secretion, although, in some mitochondria, vesicles progressively developed as early as premeiosis and increased until the young microspore stage, which could reveal their involvement in the secretion process. At this stage, numerous cytoplasmic vesticles containing material similar to the locular material fused with the plasma membrane of the tapetum so that vesicle content was in contact with the loculus. It seems that tapetal and callose wall degradation at the late tetrad stage may also have contributed to the production of material in the loculus. From pollen mitosis to anthesis, the anther loculus contained mainly the pollenkitt which was synthesized in the tapetum between the young microspore stage and the vacuolated microspore stage. At the young microspore stage, proplastids divided and developed into elaioplasts and smooth endoplasmic reticulum (SER) increased dramatically. Pollenkitt had a double origin: some droplets were extruded directly from the plastid stroma through the plastid envelopes; the others were unsaturated lipid globules, which presumably derived from the interaction between SER saccules and plastids.
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