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Assessing multi-risk characteristics of heat and cold stress for rice across the southern parts of China

  • Lei Zhang
  • Bingyun Yang
  • Sen Li
  • Dapeng Huang
  • Zhiguo HuoEmail author
Original Paper
  • 43 Downloads

Abstract

Rice (Oryza sativa) growth is always threatened by heat as well as cold stress, when it is exposed to natural environment. Heat growing degree hours (HGDH) and cold growing degree hours (CGDH1 and CGDH2) were firstly proposed to quantify heat and cold stress occurred during different growing stages. Information diffusion method was effectively used to fit the distribution and estimate probability of single stress at each station, with an advantage of no limitation in data series. In terms of single stress, highest probability was seen in HGDH, followed by CGDH1 and CGDH2. Seven copula functions, i.e., normal and t, Gumbel-Hougaard, Clayton, Frank, Joe, and Ali-Mikhail-Haq, were applied to fit the distribution of multi-stress with significant dependence, and simple calculation based on single stress was used to quantify the probability for multi-stress with independence. In these copulas, t was the most chosen one in the fitting of HGDH-CGDH1, HGDH-CGDH2, CGDH1-CGDH2, and HGDH-CGDH1-CGDH2, selected by the statistic of Akaike information criterion. Regarding bi-stress, higher joint probability was in HGDH-CGDH1, relative to HGDH-CGDH2 and CGDH1-CGDH2. As expected, the co-occurrence probability of tri-stress was lower than that of bi-stress in the magnitude and spatial extent, while joint probability of tri-stress was larger. Given the condition of occurrence of HGDH or CGDH1, the joint probability of HGDH-CGDH1 was higher than other pairs of bi-stress and tri-stress. It was special that higher joint probability of CGDH1-CGDH2 was detected under the condition of CGDH2 relative to CGDH1. Joint probability of tri-stress was lower under the condition of HGDH-CGDH1, in comparison with HGDH-CGDH2 and CGDH1-CGDH2. Hazards of single stress and multi-stress were expressed by the integration of intensity of stress index and corresponding probability. Most consistent conclusions agreed that central Fujian, Zhejiang, and northeastern Jiangxi were exposed to higher hazard, derived from not only single stress but also multi-stress. These results can be helpful in provision of information regarding prevention and adaptation strategies for rice cultivation as a response to extreme temperature stress.

Keywords

Heat stress Cold stress Information diffusion Copula Risk assessment 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study was co-funded by the National Key R&D Program, Ministry of Science and Technology, China [2017YFD0300101]; Meteorological Public Welfare Profession of China [GYHY201306045, GYHY201506001].

Supplementary material

484_2019_1772_MOESM1_ESM.docx (741 kb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 741 kb)

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Copyright information

© ISB 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Meteorological CenterBeijingChina
  2. 2.National Satellite Meteorological CenterBeijingChina
  3. 3.National Climate CenterBeijingChina
  4. 4.Chinese Academy of Meteorological SciencesBeijingChina
  5. 5.Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological DisastersNanjing University of Information Science & TechnologyNanjingChina

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