International Journal of Biometeorology

, Volume 63, Issue 11, pp 1533–1540 | Cite as

How do methane rates vary with soil moisture and compaction, N compound and rate, and dung addition in a tropical soil?

  • Abmael da Silva CardosoEmail author
  • Bruna Giovani Quintana
  • Estella Rosseto Janusckiewicz
  • Liziane de Figueiredo Brito
  • Eliane da Silva Morgado
  • Ricardo Andrade Reis
  • Ana Claudia Ruggieri
Special Issue: Brazilian Congress - Jaboticabal 2017


Soil moisture and compaction, and source of N and bovine urine can reduce methane (CH4) rates from agricultural soils. However, the magnitude of the effect is unknown in tropical soil under different conditions, as well as the potential of different urine-N concentration, volume, and sources of N in such an effect. This study aimed to investigate the effects of different soil conditions (moist, dry, compacted, moist-dung, moist-dung-compacted), N concentration in urine (2.5, 5.0, 10.0, and 15.0 g N L−1), volume of urine (25, 50, 100, and 200 ml kg−1 dry soil), and source of N (ammonium, nitrate, and urea) on CH4 emissions. A tropical Ferralsol soil from marandu-grass pasture was incubated during 106 days and the CH4 concentration determined by gas chromatography. The CH4 rates varied significantly according to the soil conditions when manipulated the urine-N (p < 0.01) and averaged 0.75, − 0.50, 1.14, 6.23, and 8.17 μg C–CH4 m−2 h−1for the moist, dry, compacted, moist-dung, and moist-dung-compacted soil, respectively, and, not responded to the level of N (p = 0.73) averaging 2.57 μg C–CH4 m−2 h−1. When evaluated, the volumes of urine cumulative CH4 averages were − 0.52, − 1.24, − 0.88, 14.48, and 18.56 μg C–CH4 m−2 h−1 for the moist, dry, compacted, moist-dung, and moist-dung-compacted, respectively. Soils were affected by soil treatments (p < 0.001) but not by urine volumes (p = 0.30). The source of N did not influence the CH4 rates (p = 0.1) averaging 0.88, − 1.26, and − 1.19 μg C–CH4 m−2 h−1 respectively, for urea, nitrate, and ammonium. The CH4 fluxes in tropical Ferralsols are controlled by the soil characteristics and dung addition.


Greenhouse gas Nitrogen Carbon cycle Ferralsol 



The authors ASC, TSN, and ESM thank FAPESP for scholarships. The authors ACR, LFB, and ERJ are grateful to the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico Tecnológico (CNPq) and Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES) for scholarships. Partial data of the present work were previously published in the VII Brazilian Congress of the Biometeorology, Ambience, Behavior and Animal Welfare (VII CBBiomet).

Funding information

This work was financially supported by the Fundação de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo “São Paulo Research Foundation” (FAPESP grant nos. 2011/00060-8, 2012/06718-8, 2012/04605-1, 2013/11898-8, 2013/24782-8)

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical standards

This manuscript complied with the current laws of the Brazil.


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Copyright information

© ISB 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abmael da Silva Cardoso
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bruna Giovani Quintana
    • 1
  • Estella Rosseto Janusckiewicz
    • 1
  • Liziane de Figueiredo Brito
    • 1
  • Eliane da Silva Morgado
    • 2
  • Ricardo Andrade Reis
    • 1
  • Ana Claudia Ruggieri
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Animal Science, Faculdade de Ciências Agrárias e VeterináriasUnesp – Univ Estadual PaulistaJaboticabalBrazil
  2. 2.Universidade Federal de Uberlândia (UFU)UberlândiaBrazil

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