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International Journal of Biometeorology

, Volume 62, Issue 10, pp 1833–1845 | Cite as

The insight of agricultural adaptation to climate change: a case of rice growers in Eastern Himalaya, India

  • Dayohimi Rymbai
  • Feroze Mohammad Sheikh
Original Paper

Abstract

Adaptation is crucial to curb down the negative impact of climate change particularly on agricultural sector. Hence, a study was conducted to identify the strategies adopted by the cereal growers in Eastern Himalaya region of India and determine the factors affecting them. A total 120 farmers were surveyed from Senapati district in Manipur and East Sikkim district in Sikkim. The widely adopted strategies were the change in transplanting time and change in transplanting as well as harvesting time, which were autonomous, traditional, and taken in response to the scarcity of water. Tobit model has identified that the area under rice cultivation, support received from Village Science Centre, and decline in food availability positively influenced the farmers to adapt to climate change. Multinomial logit model revealed that the female farmers, area under rice cultivation, and decline in rice productivity positively influenced the adoption of the strategies, whereas number of cattle owned, irrigated area, and support from Agricultural Department revealed the negative influence. To sustain farming in hill agriculture, the study recommends the integration of the farmers’ knowledge along with scientific measures. Planned intervention, viz., in the form of construction of water harvesting structure, should be initiated by the State Government.

Keywords

Climate change India Eastern Himalaya Adaptation MNL model 

Notes

Funding

This work was supported by the University Grant Commission (UGC) under the Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship grant number F1-17.1/2014-15/RGNF-2014-15-ST-MEG-77655 / (SA-III/Website) Dtd-25-Feb-2015.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© ISB 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Social Sciences, College of Post Graduate StudiesCentral Agricultural University-IUmiamIndia

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